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Volkach in Landkreis Kitzingen, Bavaria, Germany — Southern Germany (Scarplands and Alpine Region)
 

Von Rechtswegen über das Menschenblut zu richten / A Legal Process Driven by Human Blood

 
 
Von Rechtswegen über das Menschenblut zu richten / A Legal Process Driven by Human Blood Marker image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, November 21, 2016
1. Von Rechtswegen über das Menschenblut zu richten / A Legal Process Driven by Human Blood Marker
Inscription. Die Richtstätte auf dem Galgenberg

Weit außerhalb der Stadt liegt der Galgenberg: Dort wurden Todesurteile vollstreckt. Volkach war seit 1432 Hochgerichts-bezirk. Das Salbuch zeigt einen Hochgerichtsprozesses gegen einen Weindieb. Der Angeklagte war schon verhört worden. Gestand er seine Schuld ein, dann reichte man ihm vor der Verhandlung bereits die Henkersmahlzeit. Aus dem Faulturm (Gefängnis im oberen Stadttor) wurde er auf den Marktplatz geführt. Die Verhandlung war öffentlich. Wurde ein Schuld-spruch gefällt, brach der Richter seinen Stock ("den Stab brechen") als Zeichen des Prozessendes. Am Galgenberg legte der Verurteilte die Beichte ab und wurde öffentlich hingerichtet.

[English translation:]

Execution on Hangman's Hill

Far outside the city is the "Hangman's Hill": where death sentences were carried out. Volkach had been a high court district since 1432. The "Salbuch" (see Picture 3) shows court proceedings against a wine thief. The accused had already been interrogated. If he confessed his guilt before the trial, then he was given his last meal. He was taken from the Faulturm (prison in the upper city gate) to the market square, and the trial was public. If there was a judgment of guilt, the judge then broke his stick ("break the staff"), signaling the end of the process.
A Legal Process Driven by Human Blood Marker - Wide View image. Click for full size.
By Andrew Ruppenstein, November 21, 2016
2. A Legal Process Driven by Human Blood Marker - Wide View
The marker is visible here in the plaza on middle-left.
There on Hangman's Hill, confession over, the condemned was publicly executed.
 
Erected 2006 by Museum Volkach.
 
Location. 49° 51.846′ N, 10° 13.625′ E. Marker is in Volkach, Bavaria, in Landkreis Kitzingen. Marker is at the intersection of Sommeracher Strasse and Bahnhofstrasse, on the right when traveling north on Sommeracher Strasse. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Volkach, Bavaria 97332, Germany.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Bei einem Backofen / At the Baker's Oven (a few steps from this marker); Peter Ochs, Metzler / Peter Ochs, the Butcher (a few steps from this marker); Und Davor ein Kapellchen und Almosenstock / And for that a Chapel and Begging Stick (a few steps from this marker); Peter Geist (a few steps from this marker); Pfarrkirche St. Bartholomäus / St. Bartholomew's Parish Church (about 150 meters away, measured in a direct line); Dettelbach City Hall (approx. 8.4 kilometers away); Dettelbach Synagogue (approx. 8.4 kilometers away); The Bacchus Inn (approx. 8.5 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Volkach.
 
Also see . . .  Das Volkacher Salbuch - Eine Illustrierte Rechtsordnung - Der Galgenberg (Stadt Volkach).
Inset Illustration on Marker Showing Execution on the Galgenberg image. Click for full size.
Illustration from the Volkacher Salbuch, written by Niklas Brobst, Folio 401r, circa 1500
3. Inset Illustration on Marker Showing Execution on the Galgenberg
South of the city stood a hill with gallows. "Death-worthy" crimes were punished here: murder, robbery, arson, fornication, theft, and border violations. In 1432, the Bishop-Prince of Würzburg gave Volkach the right to have its own court. (Follow link for original in German.) (Submitted on December 18, 2016.) 
 
Additional keywords. capital punishment
 
Categories. Notable Events
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 18, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 18, 2016, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 201 times since then and 86 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on December 18, 2016, by Andrew Ruppenstein of Sacramento, California.
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