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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Sugar Grove in Watauga County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Camp Mast

Watauga County Home Guard

 
 
Camp Mast Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael C. Wilcox, December 25, 2016
1. Camp Mast Marker
Inscription. In July 1863, Gov. Zebulon B. Vance created the Home Guard to protect communities and capture deserters, Unionists, and bushwhackers. The Guard was made up of men not liable for conscription because of age, health, and other reasons. Capt. Harvey Bingham commanded Watauga County's contingent, the 11th Battalion North Carolina Home Guard. Later, Bingham was promoted to major and the unit was enlarged to include two companies: A, under Capt. George McGuire, and B, under Capt. Jordan Cook. The county's first Home Guard camp was located farther up Cove Creek, while the second, Camp Mast, was constructed just across the creek in 1864. While one company manned the camp, the men in the other unit remained at home.

In February 1865, a Federal officer traditionally identified as Capt. James Champion led 103 men from the Unionist stronghold of Banner Elk and surrounded Camp Mast at night. McGuire and the men of Company A, on duty here at the time, were caught by surprise in the morning. McGuire polled his men and found that sixty favored surrender while eleven voted to fight it out. He surrendered, and Champion destroyed the camp and marched his prisoners west through Banner Elk to Ibnnessee. Once they crossed the state line to Shell Creek, the men who had voted to surrender were paroled and set free, while the rest ,were marched to
Confederate guerrilla recruiting in the countryside image. Click for full size.
By Michael C. Wilcox, December 25, 2016
2. Confederate guerrilla recruiting in the countryside
Courtesy Library of Congress
a Federal prison in Columbus, Ohio.

(inset)
Harvey Bingham enlisted in Co. E, 37th North Carolina troops in September 1861, He was promoted to lieutenant in December 1861. Bingham was wounded in the head during the Second Battle of Manassas in August 1862 and resigned soon thereafter. In mid-1863, he was appointed captain (later major), 11th Battalion North Carolina Home Guard. After the war, Bingham moved to Statesville, where he practiced law.
 
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 36° 15.793′ N, 81° 47.116′ W. Marker is in Sugar Grove, North Carolina, in Watauga County. Marker is on Dale Adams Road north of Georges Gap Road (Route 1213), on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Sugar Grove NC 28679, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cove Creek High School (here, next to this marker); Military Veterans of Western Watauga County (here, next to this marker); Valle Crucis Episcopal Mission (approx. 4.6 miles away); Stanley Harris
Bushwhackers firing-on cavalrymen in mountains image. Click for full size.
By Michael C. Wilcox, December 25, 2016
3. Bushwhackers firing-on cavalrymen in mountains
Courtesy Library of Congress
(approx. 6 miles away); Ginseng Trade (approx. 6.3 miles away); The Trading Ground (approx. 6.3 miles away in Tennessee); Stoneman's Raid (approx. 6.7 miles away); Appalachian State University (approx. 7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sugar Grove.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .  Article (2012) about dedication. (Submitted on April 17, 2017, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Harvey Bingham image. Click for full size.
By Michael C. Wilcox, December 25, 2016
4. Harvey Bingham
Courtesy Michael C Hardy
Camp Mast Marker image. Click for full size.
By Michael C. Wilcox, December 25, 2016
5. Camp Mast Marker
vicinity of Camp Mast image. Click for full size.
By Michael C. Wilcox, December 25, 2016
6. vicinity of Camp Mast
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 17, 2017. This page originally submitted on January 5, 2017, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,054 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on January 5, 2017, by Michael C. Wilcox of Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
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