Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Second Battle of Winchester
“The guns in Star Fort greeted them”
—Gettysburg Campaign —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union Gen. George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on June 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. Confederate cavalry commander Gen. J.E.B. Stuart cut Federal communications and rail lines and captured supplies. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates retreated, crossing the Potomac River into Virginia on July 14.
To clear the route north for the remainder of Gen. Robert E. Lee's infantry, Gen. Jubal A. Early's division of Gen. Richard S. Ewell's corps attacked the forts that guarded Winchester. After Early captured West Fort on June 14, 1863, Union Capt. Frederick W. Alexander's Baltimore Light Artillery here at Star Fort opened fire and forced the Confederate gunners in West Fort to seek cover. "The guns in Star Fort greeted them with shell after shell planted among them with astonishing precision," recalled a Union soldier.
Alexander's accuracy thrilled the Union defenders of Fort Milroy and the
The efforts of the Baltimore battery, however, proved futile. With the Confederate forces outnumbering the Federals and with no hope of reinforcements, Union Gen. Robert H. Milroy decided to withdraw from Winchester. The evacuation culminated several miles north of here at Stephenson's Depot on June 15, when Confederate Gen. Edward Johnson's division intercepted the retreating Federals and captured half of them.
(map) Second Battle of Winchester, New York Herald, June 22, 1863
(left photo) Pvt. Richard Bassford, Baltimore Light Artillery, captured at the Second Battle of Winchester and photographed after his release late in 1863. - Courtesy Jonathan A. Noyalas Collection
(right photo) Lt. Peter Leary, from Memoirs and History of Captain Frederick W. Alexander's Baltimore Light Artillery (1912)
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 12.371′ N, 78° 9.837′ W. Marker is in Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Fortress Drive 0.1 miles north of North Frederick Pike (U.S. 522), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Constructing Star Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); Third Battle of Winchester (within shouting distance of this marker); Civil War Earthworks (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Second Battle of Winchester (within shouting distance of this marker); Star Fort (was about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line but has been reported missing. ); Lord Fairfax (approx. ¼ mile away); Fort Collier (approx. 0.6 miles away); George Washington in Winchester (was approx. 0.6 miles away but has been reported missing. ). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on January 27, 2017. This page originally submitted on January 21, 2017, by Pete Skillman of Port Deposit, Maryland. This page has been viewed 230 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on January 21, 2017, by Pete Skillman of Port Deposit, Maryland. 2. submitted on January 23, 2017. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.