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Eufaula in Barbour County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Second Creek War in the Eufaula Area

 

—Creek Heritage Trail —

 
The Second Creek War in the Eufaula Area Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, February 4, 2017
1. The Second Creek War in the Eufaula Area Marker
Inscription. In 1836 long-simmering tensions between Creeks and American settlers erupted into warfare. The Creeks, crowded onto the last portion of their ancestral homeland and witnessing the rampant theft of their lands, had also become subject to harsh laws limiting their travel and employment. Some resorted to plundering settler plantations for food and supplies. Several isolated incidents of violence between Creeks and settlers occurred early in 1836, including the murder of some Creeks from the village of Eufaula by residents of Georgia. A portion of the desperate Creeks determined to strike back, resulting in the Second Creek War.

Some of the first actions of the war occurred just north of Irwinton. Rebel Creeks attacked the community of Glennville in early May, 1836 and on May 15th destroyed Roanoke, Georgia a few miles up river from Irwinton. Some of the survivors of the ambush fled to Irwinton afterward. By the time General William Irwin and a battalion of militia arrived in the area to restore order, the town was nearly deserted. Irwin sent out an urgent request for volunteers to assemble there. General John W. Moore arrived shortly afterwards and was placed in command of all forces in the Irwinton area. In June Moore launched a prolonged raid on rebel Creek strongholds in Barbour and Russell counties. Later that month, General
View of marker looking east on Broad Street. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, February 4, 2017
2. View of marker looking east on Broad Street.
Winfield Scott's troops arrived and marched north in search of any remaining hostile Creeks. He declared the war over a few days later. While fighting around Irwinton was at an end, the war actually continued for nearly another year.

[Top left map caption]
Barbour County during the first phase of the Second Creek War, summer 1836
From The Second Creek War: Interethnic Conflict and Collusion on a Collapsing Frontier, by John T. Ellisor
Courtesy of the University of Nebraska Press

[Bottom left photo captions]
Alabama Governor Clement C. Clay ordered troops to Irwinton after the attack on Glennville
Courtesy of the Alabama Department of Archives and History

Jim Boy, an Upper Creek chief, commanded allied Creeks that fought with the American armies in this area.
Courtesy of the Alabama Department of Archives and History

[Right side photo captions]
The Smartt-Parker-Comer House was built on the site of a log stockade constructed by residents of Irwinton during the Second Creek War, and incorporates parts of the fort's walls in its design.

Troops from Irwinton were involved in several Second War battles. Especially prominent was the Wellborn family. William Wellborn, leader of the "Barbour Rangers" militia unit, became the most celebrated local military
Photo of Wellborn House circa 2011 at its former location. image. Click for full size.
© Rivers Langley (CC BY-SA 3.0)
3. Photo of Wellborn House circa 2011 at its former location.
figure of the war. He rode his popularity to election to the Alabama State Senate in 1837. His teenage son, James, was killed while fighting alongside him at the Battle of Pea River. William's brother, Dr. Levi T. Wellborn, also led troops during the war. Dr. Wellborn's home (above) still stands in Eufaula.
Image courtesy of the Library of Congress

[Right side newspaper article caption]
Columbus Enquirer article of July 21, 1836 about the premature celebration of the end of the war in Irwinton

 
Erected 2015 by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission and the City of Eufaula.
 
Location. 31° 53.599′ N, 85° 8.404′ W. Marker is in Eufaula, Alabama, in Barbour County. Marker is on East Broad Street east of North Livingston Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Interpretive marker is located at the Yoholo Micco Trail. Marker is at or near this postal address: East Broad Street, Eufaula AL 36027, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The City of Eufaula (here, next to this marker); The Town of Irwinton (here, next to this marker); The Creek Town of Eufaula (here, next to this marker); Central Railroad of Georgia Freight Depot
View of marker and part of Yoholo Micco Trail. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, February 4, 2017
4. View of marker and part of Yoholo Micco Trail.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Cotton and Creek Country (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Chief Eufaula (Yoholo Micco) (about 600 feet away); World War I Doughboy (about 600 feet away); In Honor of All World War II Veterans (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Eufaula.
 
Also see . . .  Creek Indian Wars of 1836. (Submitted on February 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Native AmericansWars, US Indian
 
Yoholo Micco - The Creek Indian Trail at Broad Street. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, February 4, 2017
5. Yoholo Micco - The Creek Indian Trail at Broad Street.
Part of the National Recreation Trail.
The 3.2 mile trail was built as part of the Rails-to-Trails Conservancy.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 11, 2017. This page originally submitted on February 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 184 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 11, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Photo of Dr. Wellborn's house at 630 E. Broad St. (far end of E. Broad St.) • Can you help?
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