Eufaula in Barbour County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Chief Eufaula (Yoholo Micco)
In Life and Legend
—Creek Heritage Trail —
The ceremonial title Yoholo Micco is closely associated with an important Creek ritual. During meetings in their town square grounds, Creek chiefs, or miccos, commonly drank a tea made from yaupon holly leaves known as "acee" (or "asi"). The drink was believed to be both a stimulant and purifier. As it was consumed, a "yaholo", or "shouter," frequently sang ceremonial chants. Hence, a leader who sang these traditional songs might be referred to as the "Yahola (or Yaholo) Micco."
Yoholo Micco is believed to have been the "Chief of Eufaula" who presented an emotional address to the Alabama legislature at the state capitol in Tuscaloosa in 1836. Reputedly, the speech was given while the chief was on his way west to Indian Territory after forced removal. While his exact words are lost
What's in a Name?
The names "Eufaula" and "Yoholo Micco" are the subject of much confusion. The place name "Eufaula" for which the legendary chieftain was known appears often in Creek history, and multiple towns carried that name. While there was a Lower Creek town known as Eufaula, the name is actually most closely identified with the Upper Creeks of the Tallapoosa and Coosa valleys, where there were two towns known as Eufaula. Multiple Creek leaders from these towns were sometimes referred to as "of Eufaula," further adding to the confusion. The name has proved to be an enduring one as there is a town of Eufaula in Oklahoma within the modern Muscogee Creek Nation named in honor of these historic communities.
"I come here brothers, to see the great house of Alabama, and the men who make the law, and to say farewell in brotherly kindness before I go to the far West, where my people are now
Bottom left map: 1818 map by Eleazer Early showing Upper Creek town of Eufaula
Courtesy of the David Rumsey Map Collection
Middle top portrait: Yoholo Micco
Courtesy of the Alabama Department of Archives and History
Middle photo: The Alabama capitol in Tuscaloosa
Courtesy of the Library of Congress
Top right print: Southeastern Indians consuming acee
Courtesy of State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory
Erected 2015 by the Historic Chattahoochee Commission and the Friends of the Yoholo Micco Heritage Trail.
Location. 31° 53.687′ N, 85° 8.367′ W. Marker is in Eufaula, Alabama, in Barbour County. Marker is on East Broad Street east of North Livingston Avenue. Touch for map. Interpretive marker is located on the Yoholo Micco Trail, about 500 feet north of Broad Street. Marker is at or near this postal address: East Broad Street, Eufaula AL 36027, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cotton and Creek Country (here, next to this marker); The Second Creek War in the Eufaula Area (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); The City of Eufaula (about 600 feet away); The Town of Irwinton (about 600 feet away); The Creek Town of Eufaula (about 600 feet away); William Thomas "Tom" Mann / Eufaula, Alabama (about 600 feet away); Central Railroad of Georgia Freight Depot (about 600 feet away); World War I Doughboy (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Eufaula.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Marker in Tuscaloosa about Chief Eufaula's speech to the Alabama Legislature.
Categories. • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on February 17, 2017. This page originally submitted on February 17, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 268 times since then and 44 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on February 17, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.