Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Fort Valley in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Birthplace of the CCC

Camp Roosevelt, NF-1

 
 
Birthplace of the CCC Marker image. Click for full size.
By Franklin Bell, December 21, 2007
1. Birthplace of the CCC Marker
Inscription. The Army with Shovels. By 1933, the Great Depression had demoralized the nation. Millions of young men were unemployed and families were starving. On March 9, 1933 Franklin Delano Roosevelt created the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Its purpose was twofold—conservation of our natural resources and salvage of our men.

The CCC-boys were part of the greatest single conservation movement in history. As they worked, they learned—and regained—the confidence of men doing a job.

The Roosevelt Administration mobilized this vast supply of willing manpower into what later became known as the “army with shovels.” The young men also became known as “Roosevelt’s boys,” as they still refer to themselves today.

You are standing at the center of the pioneer camp—the first of 1,643 CCC Camps established across the country. The foundations are the only visible reminders of this camp, but the memories and legacy of the Civilian Conservation Corps remain standards of excellence for all time.

“We Can Take It!” After endless detours and truck breakdowns, the first contingent of the Civilian Conservation Corps slogged through the mud into the George Washington National Forest on April 17, 1933. Their first task was
The Adjacent Markers image. Click for full size.
By Franklin Bell, December 21, 2007
2. The Adjacent Markers
to clear the ground so that they could set up tents. It was here, in Camp Roosevelt that the defiant slogan, “We can take it!” was born.

Camp Roosevelt’s Legacy. The CCC accomplishments of Camp Roosevelt were many. The boys of NF-1 built and maintained the road through Fort Valley and the Crisman Hollow Road; constructed the popular Elizabeth Furnace, New Market Gap, and Little Fort Recreation Areas; and built Powell’s Fort Organization Camp. Woodstock Tower, with its view of the seven bends of the Shenandoah River, was a cooperative venture of the citizens of Woodstock and the CCC. They also planted trees and fought forest fires.

In 1966, this recreation area was dedicated was dedicated to the “boys of Roosevelt”—the men who helped shape the land conservation ethic we hold dear today.
 
Erected by the Lee Ranger District, George Washington National Forest.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Civilian Conservation Corps marker series.
 
Location. 38° 43.8′ N, 78° 31.02′ W. Marker is near Fort Valley, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker can be reached from Camp Roosevelt Road (County Route 675) 10 miles east of U.S. 11, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map
Birthplace of the CCC Marker & Robert Fechner Memorial Forest Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 12, 2013
3. Birthplace of the CCC Marker & Robert Fechner Memorial Forest Marker
. Route 675 is Edinburg Gap Road at Route 11 and changes name about six miles up the mountain. On the left side of the road is a Camp Roosevelt Recreation Area - George Washington National Forest sign. Turn into the entrance of the recreation area. Marker is one of three about 20 yards past the entrance gate, on the right. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Valley VA 22652, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Robert Fechner Memorial Forest (within shouting distance of this marker); Camp Barracks (within shouting distance of this marker); Mess Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); Blacksmith Shop (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Luray Caverns (approx. 4.9 miles away); Mauck Meeting House (approx. 4.9 miles away); Calendine (approx. 5 miles away); Fort Philip Long (approx. 5.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Valley.
 
Also see . . .
1. Civilian Conservation Corps Legacy. “April 7, 1933 marked the first day of recruitment for the young enrollees of Roosevelt’s Tree Army and Henry Rich from Alexandria ,VA, became recognized as America's first CCC Enrollee. On April 17, Rich was among the first contingent of CCC enrollees
Camp Roosevelt image. Click for full size.
By Franklin Bell, December 21, 2007
4. Camp Roosevelt
Camp Roosevelt. First Civilian Conservation Camp in U.S.A. George Washington National Forest. April 4, 1933 - June 30, 1983, 50 years.
to slog through the mud into an open clearing in the George Washington National Forest. The nation’s first CCC camp, Camp Roosevelt NF-1 was established. ” (Submitted on December 30, 2007.) 

2. CCC History. “I propose to create a Civilian Conservation Corps to be used in simple work, not interfering with normal employment, and confining itself to forestry, the prevention of soil erosion, flood control, and similar projects.” —Franklin D. Roosevelt, March 21, 1933 (Submitted on December 30, 2007.) 
 
Additional keywords. Civilian Conservation Corps, CCC, FDR, Franklin Roosevelt, Great Depression, 1930s, New Deal.
 
Categories. 20th CenturyCharity & Public WorkEducationNatural ResourcesNotable Events
 
In Memory of Henry Rich image. Click for full size.
By Franklin Bell, December 21, 2007
5. In Memory of Henry Rich
In memory of Henry Rich, first CCC enrollee in USA and Camp Roosevelt. Died Feb. 12, 1972.
Camp Roosevelt Recreation Area Entrance image. Click for full size.
By Franklin Bell, December 21, 2007
6. Camp Roosevelt Recreation Area Entrance
Remnants of Foundation of Camp Roosevelt Officers' Quarters image. Click for full size.
By Franklin Bell, December 21, 2007
7. Remnants of Foundation of Camp Roosevelt Officers' Quarters
Pavillion "Erected in 1986 by Former CCC Members of Camp Roosevelt" image. Click for full size.
By Franklin Bell, December 21, 2007
8. Pavillion "Erected in 1986 by Former CCC Members of Camp Roosevelt"
Pathway leading by Officers' Quarters toward 1986 Pavillion image. Click for full size.
By Franklin Bell, December 21, 2007
9. Pathway leading by Officers' Quarters toward 1986 Pavillion
Camp Roosevelt image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 12, 2013
10. Camp Roosevelt
Camp Roosevelt The Pioneer Camp, Estabished April 17, 1933,
CCC Camp G. W. N. F. Co 382, VA Edinburg Va.
James R. Wilkins Proj. Supt.
Scotts Geesey, 1st Lt. Inf. Res.,
Walter M. Fuller, 1st LT. Cav. Res.
Jacob R. Gish, 2nd Lt. Engr. Res.
Close-up of photo on marker
First Contingent image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 12, 2013
11. First Contingent
The First contingent of CCC boys on their way to Camp Roosevelt, NF-1 (National Forest Camp Number 1), April 17, 1933. UPI
Close-up of photo on marker
Spirit of CCC by Harry Rossoll, 1938 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 12, 2013
12. Spirit of CCC by Harry Rossoll, 1938
Close-up of picture on marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 27, 2007, by Franklin Bell of Bluemont, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,200 times since then and 49 times this year. Last updated on August 12, 2008, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia. Photos:   1. submitted on December 27, 2007, by Franklin Bell of Bluemont, Virginia.   2. submitted on December 28, 2007, by Franklin Bell of Bluemont, Virginia.   3. submitted on May 23, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on December 28, 2007, by Franklin Bell of Bluemont, Virginia.   10, 11, 12. submitted on May 23, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement