Barry Farm in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
An East of the River View
—Anacostia Heritage Trail —
By the end of the Civil War (1861-1865) some 40,000 refugees from slavery had arrived in Washington. They settled where they could, often in terrible conditions. To provide them with housing and education, the U.S. government established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. In 1867 the Freedmen's Bureau bought 375 acres from Barry's heirs to establish a model community. The Bureau sold one-acre lots here, induding building materials, and required buyers to construct a 14 X 24-foot two-room house with a peaked roof.
Within two years, more than 500 African American families, both refugees and established Washingtonians, had bought lots. Together they cleared trees and built houses, a church, and a school. After working all day, many families trudged out to Anacostia in the evenings to dig, saw, and hammer by candlelight.
Most Barry Farm men worked blue collar Jobs, often at St Elizabeths Hospital or across the river at the Navy Yard or the Washington Gas Light plant. But some made livings as government clerks, teachers or professionals. Prominent
Erected by Anacostia Heritage Trail. (Marker Number 4.)
Location. 38° 51.509′ N, 76° 59.739′ W. Marker is in Barry Farm, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue Southeast, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2627 Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue Southeast, Washington DC 20020, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Campbell African Methodist Episcopal Church (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Curative Powers of Nature (about 600 feet away); Faith and Action (approx. 0.2 miles away); St. Elizabeths Hospital (approx. ¼ mile away); A Navy Town Barry Farm - Hillsdale (approx. ¼ mile away); Birney School (approx. ¼ mile away); Nichols Avenue Elementary School/Old Birney School Site (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Barry Farm.
Categories. • African Americans • Notable Places • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 7, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 4, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 144 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on March 4, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.