Inverness in Citrus County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
A Costly Florida War
More than 1,500 soldiers died and $20 million was spent in the Second Seminole War. It was the most costly of three conflicts between the U.S. and the Seminoles in Florida. Fought from 1835–1842, the war broke out when Seminoles resisted government attempts to relocate them to Oklahoma, under the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
Skirmish at Fort Cooper
In the spring of 1836, Citrus County was the site of a two-pronged attack against the resistant Seminoles. Led by General Winfield Scott, a force of 380 soldiers employed maneuvers designed to trap the Seminoles near the Cove of the Withlacoochee.
A large number of soldiers were wounded or became sick. Major Mark Anthony Cooper was left behind to hold the position. Five companies of the Macon Volunteers and a small artillery company were under his command. They built a sizable fort of pine logs—later named in Cooper’s honor—on a low bluff overlooking Lake Holathlikaha. From this encampment, the soldiers defended themselves against attacks by Chief Osceola and his warriors. Later in the war, the fort was used as a reconnaissance, observation and dispatch post.
Digging Up the Past An excavation of the Fort Cooper site in 1971 unearthed old pickets, hand-forged nails, musket balls, a tin cup, a soldier’s
Erected by Rails to Trails of the Withlacoochee.
Location. 28° 48.247′ N, 82° 18.635′ W. Marker is in Inverness, Florida, in Citrus County. Marker can be reached from South Florida Avenue (U.S. 41) half a mile north of East Fort Cooper Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located on the Withlacoochee State Trail, a "Rails to Trails" bicycle trail, at the trail entrance to Fort Cooper State Park. The marker is accessible only by foot or bicycle. Marker is in this post office area: Inverness FL 34450, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fort Cooper (approx. one mile away); World War I and World War II Memorial (approx. 2˝ miles away); Citrus County Veterans Memorial (approx. 2˝ miles away); Persian Gulf War Memorial (approx. 2˝ miles away); Korea and Viet Nam War Memorial (approx. 2˝ miles away); Korean War Memorial (approx. 2˝ miles away); Valerie Theater (approx. 2˝ miles away); Historic Citrus County Courthouse (approx. 2˝ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Inverness.
Also see . . .
1. A battle from the Seminole War of 1836 (Submitted on March 7, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Mark Anthony Cooper (1800-1885). 1836 he entered the Second Seminole War as commander of a battalion of Georgia volunteers, distinguishing himself in an episode involving 3,000 pounds of bacon sent by Governor William Schley for Georgia troops (Major Cooper refused to surrender the bacon to federal authorities, reiterating his states' rights views). Fort Cooper, near Inverness, Florida, was named in his honor. (Submitted on March 7, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • Native Americans • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 8, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 7, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 196 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on March 7, 2017, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.