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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pisté in Municipality of Tinum, Yucatán, Mexico — The Southeast (Yucatan Peninsula)
 

The Great Ball Court

 
 
The Great Ball Court Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 17, 2017
1. The Great Ball Court Marker
Inscription.
El Gran Juego de Pelota
Es la cancha de juego más grande de Mesoamérica. Cuenta con dos largas construcciones laterales, donde se ubican los anillos de piedra con imágenes de serpientes emplumadas y el talud con escenas de sacrificio de jugadores de pelota: dos muros en forma de U que cierran los extremos de la cancha. Sobre ellos, se conservan dos edificios ricamente decorados con relieves y pintruas. Al lado este, el Templo de los Jaguares y Escudos presenta procesiones de señores y escenas de batalla que ofrecen una viva imagen de la historia de Chichén Itzá.

El tamaño de la cancha y la altura de los anillos hacen poco probable que se hayan aplicado, en este caso, las reglas del juego de cadera conocidas en el momento de la conquista.

Maya-Yucateco:
Leti’ u jach nojochil u kúuchil báaxal ti’ tuláakal Mesoamérica. Yaan ka’a p’éel nukuch pak’ tu tzéelikilo’ob, te’elo’ yaan u dzipitilo’ob tuunich tu’ux yaan u yoochel k’u’uk’um kaano’ob, tu pak’il ikil u yéemele’ yaan oochelo’ob e’esik bix u kiinsa’al le aj báaxalo’obo; yaan ka’a p’éel pak’o’ob k’alik le kúuchil báaxalo’. Yóok’ol tuláakal lela’ yaan ka’a p’éel najo’ob jadzutzkíinta’an yéetel ya’abkach oochelo’ob. Tu tzéel lak’inile’ tia’an u k’ul najil chak mo’olo’ob yéetel k’atuno’ob tu’ux ku yila’al u tzol xíimbal nukuch máako’ob yéetel u yoochel
The Great Ball Court Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 17, 2017
2. The Great Ball Court Marker
The marker can be seen towards the right in this view of the Ball Court and the base of the Temple of Jaguars and Shields mentioned in the marker text.
ba’ate’obi’, lela’ jun p’éel chíikul ti’ u k’ajla’ay Chi’ ch’e’en Itzá.

U nojochil le kúuchil báaxal yéetel u ka’analil le dzipito’obo’ ku taal u ye’es jach talam ka’aj úuchuk l báaxal je’e bix k’aj óolta’anil le ka’aj taal le sak wíiniko’obo.

English:
This is the largest ball court in Mesoamerica. It is formed by a long wall on each side, with embedded rings or hoops carved with images of plumed serpents. The slightly sloping walls are decorated with scenes of the sacrifice of ball players. At each end of the U-shaped court there are low walls supporting buildings richly decorated with reliefs and paintings. To the east, the Temple of Jaguars and Shields presents processions of dignitaries and battle scenes that offer a vivid image of the history of Chichén Itzá.

The size of the court and the height of the rings indicate that, in this case, it is not likely that the ball was hit through the ring by the hip alone, although such game rules were generally applicable at the time of the conquest.
 
Location. 20° 41.038′ N, 88° 34.198′ W. Marker is in Pisté, Yucatán, in Municipality of Tinum. Marker can be reached from Carretera Costera de Golfo (Route 180). Touch for map. The marker is located at the southeast corner of the Great Ball Court at Chichén Itzá Archaeological Site. Marker is in this post office area: Pisté, Yucatán 97751, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers.
The Great Ball Court hoops image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 17, 2017
3. The Great Ball Court hoops
Scoring in the Maya ball game meant passing a rubber ball through these stone hoops. This photo helps to explain the marker's text about the difficulty of passing a ball through these high hoops just by hitting the ball with the players' hips.
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Platform of Eagles and Jaguars (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Castle or Temple of Kukulcán (about 120 meters away); The Temple of the Warriors (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Temple of the Large Tables (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Ossuary or Tomb of the Great Priest (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Platform of Venus and Round Platform (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Platform of the Tombs (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); The Plaza of the Thousand Columns (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pisté.
 
Categories. AnthropologyMan-Made FeaturesNative AmericansSports
 
The Great Ball Court of Chichén Itzá. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 17, 2017
4. The Great Ball Court of Chichén Itzá.
An example of the plumed serpent sculpture along the walls of the ball court. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 17, 2017
5. An example of the plumed serpent sculpture along the walls of the ball court.
The Great Ball Court, with a view towards the south. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 17, 2017
6. The Great Ball Court, with a view towards the south.
An additional view of the Temple of Jaguars and Shields, seen to the northwest. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 17, 2017
7. An additional view of the Temple of Jaguars and Shields, seen to the northwest.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 9, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 8, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 113 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on March 8, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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