Pensacola in Escambia County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
Emanuel Point Shipwrecks / Los Naufragios de Emanuel Point
In August 1559, eleven ships under command of Don Tristan de Luna y Arellano sailed into Pensacola Bay, then called Ochuse, to establish a new colony for Spain. Intended to stake a claim on the northern Gulf coast, the settlement was planned to become a city on the edge of the empire. A thousand colonists brought livestock, personal possessions, tools, and materials to build their new town. A month after they arrived, a powerful hurricane struck the fledgling colony and sank most of the ships, which were being used as floating warehouses for supplies and food. Survivors eventually were evacuated and the Spanish did not return to Pensacola Bay until 1698. In 1992, archaeologists with the State of Florida discovered one of Luna's ships off Emanuel Point near the entrance to Bayou Texar. A second ship was found by University of West Florida archaeologists nearby in 2006. Investigations revealed remnants of the doomed colony, including ceramic and metal storage containers and cooking pots, bones from cows and pigs, stone cannonballs and the wheel of a gun carriage, pieces of a suit of armor, wooden tool handles and eating utensils, and even remains of a ship's cat. The rest of Luna's fleet waits to be discovered.
En agosto de 1559, once navíos bajo el mando de Don Tristán de Luna y Arrellano entraron en la bahía de Pensacola, conocida entonces como Ochuse, para establecer una nueva colonia para España en el borde del imperio. Un millar de colonos trajeron consigo ganado, objetos personales, herramientas
Erected 2015 by Sponsored by the Florida Public Archaeology Network, University of West Florida Division of Anthropology and Archaeology, City of Pensacola, Visit Pensacola, and the Florida Department Of State. (Marker Number F-871.)
Location. 30° 25.051′ N, 87° 11.579′ W. Marker is in Pensacola, Florida, in Escambia County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of North 17th Avenue and East Gregory Street. Touch for map. Located at the Pensacola Area Convention & Visitor's Information Center & wayside park just north of the Pensacola Bay bridge. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1401 East Gregory Street, Pensacola FL 32502, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other Frascati (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hawkshaw (approx. 0.7 miles away); Historic John the Baptist Church (approx. 0.7 miles away); Church of the Sacred Heart (approx. 0.8 miles away); John Innerarity (approx. one mile away); Stephen R. Mallory (approx. one mile away); Ebenezer Dorr (approx. one mile away); Eugenio Antonio Sierra (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pensacola.
Regarding Emanuel Point Shipwrecks / Los Naufragios de Emanuel Point. Pensacola is nicknamed "The City of Five Flags", due to the five governments that have ruled it during its history: the flags of Spain (Castile), France, Great Britain, the United States of America and the Confederate States of America.
Also see . . .
1. University of West Florida archaeology program research related to the Luna settlement. (Submitted on March 17, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. UWF Division of Anthropology and Archaeology on the Emanuel Point Ship Wreck. (Submitted on March 17, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Anthropology • Disasters • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on November 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 17, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 157 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on March 17, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.