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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Rockville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Stonestreet Medical Museum

Conflicting Loyalties

 
 
Stonestreet Medical Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, January 14, 2006
1. Stonestreet Medical Museum Marker
Inscription. Of the four presidential candidates in 1860, Abraham Lincoln received only 50 of Montgomery County's 2429 votes. Some of Rockville's 365 residents surrendered government jobs in Washington, refusing to sign the Oath of Loyalty, rather than face their neighbors' sanction. Vocal supporters championed both sides, and although many families had Southern connections, men enlisted in the U.S. Army as well as the Confederate Service.

When Lincoln issued his first call for militia in April 1861, Maryland failed to fill its quota of 3,123 men. In May, after quotas increased, Maryland had only 9,355 of the 15,578 needed. Many recruits agreed only to defend against Confederate invasion. Altogether, some 46,638 Marylanders served both armies; of them, 909 were killed in action, 1160 died of disease, 647 succumbed while prisoners of war, and 266 died accidentally or from other causes.

Rockville residents Lawerence Dawson and John H. Higgins served as Union enrollment officers. Richard M. Williams was clerk, and John DeSellum drew draftees' names. In fall 1862, Dr. Edward E. Stonestreet, whose Rockville office stands before you, was commissioned the Montgomery County Examining Surgeon for the Union army. While examining draftees in Washington, D.C., he issued 233 waivers for service including one for a sharpshooter with "vision
Stonestreet Medical Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, March 11, 2017
2. Stonestreet Medical Museum Marker
problems." Some evaded the draft by paying $300 commutation or hiring substitutes to enlist for three years—often a slave or someone from among recent immigrants and the poor. Free blacks and slaves served in both armies, and Maryland Governor Thomas Hicks complained of Union recruiters who enticed slaves to leave their owners.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 5.087′ N, 77° 9.33′ W. Marker is in Rockville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker can be reached from West Middle Lane near North Adams Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is on the grounds of the Beall-Dawson House. Marker is in this post office area: Rockville MD 20850, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Beall-Dawson House (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Beall-Dawson House (a few steps from this marker); Beall-Dawson House and Park (within shouting distance of this marker); North Adams Street and Middle Lane Residential Area (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Higgins House (about 300 feet away); Lucy Simpson's Rockville Institute
Stonestreet Museum image. Click for full size.
By Tom Fuchs, January 14, 2006
3. Stonestreet Museum
(about 400 feet away); Rockville Baptist Church and Cemetery (about 500 feet away); Prettyman House (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rockville.
 
More about this marker. One of the series of Maryland Civil War Trails markers. This one is on the Gettysburg Campaign.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Dr. Edward E. Stonesteet image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 29, 2013
4. Dr. Edward E. Stonesteet
Close-up of photo on marker
Drafting Scene image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 29, 2013
5. Drafting Scene
Close-up of image on marker
Dr.Stonestreet Operates image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 29, 2013
6. Dr.Stonestreet Operates
Clarence Hickey portrays Dr. Stonestreet
Dr. Stonestreet<br>Office Hours<br>8 to 10 A.M. 4 to 6 P.M. image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, June 29, 2013
7. Dr. Stonestreet
Office Hours
8 to 10 A.M. 4 to 6 P.M.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 26, 2017. This page originally submitted on January 28, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,680 times since then and 122 times this year. Last updated on March 23, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos:   1. submitted on January 28, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   2. submitted on March 18, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   3. submitted on January 28, 2006, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.   4, 5. submitted on March 18, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   6, 7. submitted on March 22, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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