Pascagoula in Jackson County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
Camp Lawson – Military Hospital on Greenwood Island – 1848
The hospital consisted of 4 large wooden barracks arraigned in a square with several store houses with a wharf nearby. The open shell barracks could accommodate 300 soldiers. It was erected in an isolated location because of the significant threat of an outbreak of highly contagious Yellow Fever in the summer months.
Porter wrote, "The troops arrived at the installation are in pitiful condition, suffering mainly from chronic dysentery they had acquired in Mexico 4 to 13 months earlier. They were emaciated, exhausted and required round-the-clock nursing care from an overworked medical staff. A typical patient had to have his soiled clothing and bedding changed three times a day. From July to November 1848, 100 of 449 hospitalized dysenteric patients died, a mortality rate of 22%."
During the 5 months of its operation, 757 patients were treated in the hospital and 137 perished, including one hospital matron (the hospital employed about 25 laundresses). Of the dead, several were buried near the hospital, but most were buried on the mainland near Camp Jefferson
Legacy: Between 1979 and 2010, the remains of six soldiers have been recovered and reinterred with full military honors in the Biloxi National Cemetery.
Erected 2012 by the Jackson County Historical and Genealogical Society & the Descendants of Mexican War Veterans.
Location. 30° 20.572′ N, 88° 31.768′ W. Marker is in Pascagoula, Mississippi, in Jackson County. Marker is on Beach Boulevard 0.1 miles east of Westwood Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3209 Beach Boulevard, Pascagoula MS 39567, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Camp Twiggs and the Military Asylum 1849-1855 (a few steps from this marker); The Longfellow House (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Camp Jefferson Davis - Soldiers Return From The Mexican War - 1848 (approx. 0.2 miles away); President Zachary Taylor's Summer Home Site (approx. 0.3 miles away); Camp Jefferson Davis (approx. 0.3 miles away); Louisiana Native Guard Attacks Pascagoula (approx. 0.3 miles away); Capt. John Grant (approx. 1½ miles away); Shipbuilding in Jackson County (approx. 2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pascagoula.
Regarding Camp Lawson – Military Hospital on Greenwood Island – 1848.
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia article on Thomas Lawson. (Submitted on March 28, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Gulf Live blog: Expedition yields sixth body related to Mexican-American War. (Submitted on March 28, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
3. Historic Mississippi Sites of the U.S.-Mexican War. (Submitted on March 28, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Science & Medicine • War, Mexican-American •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 28, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 28, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 81 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 28, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.