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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Pascagoula in Jackson County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Camp Lawson – Military Hospital on Greenwood Island – 1848

 
 
Camp Lawson – Military Hospital on Greenwood Island – 1848 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 22, 2017
1. Camp Lawson – Military Hospital on Greenwood Island – 1848 Marker
Inscription. Named in honor of Thomas Lawson, the Surgeon General of the Army, it was staffed by the Chief Medical Officer of Twiggs' Brigade, Surgeon John B. Porter, and Assistant Surgeons Glover Perin and Lyman Stone, U.S. Army. Located on the southern point of Greenwood Island, one half mile to the southeast, Camp Lawson was a hospital complex built in July, 1848, to care for returning soldiers of the Mexican War, especially those of Twiggs' 2000 man brigade camped one quarter mile behind you. The property was purchased by the government from Jacob Baptista.

The hospital consisted of 4 large wooden barracks arraigned in a square with several store houses with a wharf nearby. The open shell barracks could accommodate 300 soldiers. It was erected in an isolated location because of the significant threat of an outbreak of highly contagious Yellow Fever in the summer months.

Porter wrote, "The troops arrived at the installation are in pitiful condition, suffering mainly from chronic dysentery they had acquired in Mexico 4 to 13 months earlier. They were emaciated, exhausted and required round-the-clock nursing care from an overworked medical staff. A typical patient had to have his soiled clothing and bedding changed three times a day. From July to November 1848, 100 of 449 hospitalized dysenteric patients died, a mortality rate of 22%."

During the 5 months of its operation, 757 patients were treated in the hospital and 137 perished, including one hospital matron (the hospital employed about 25 laundresses). Of the dead, several were buried near the hospital, but most were buried on the mainland near Camp Jefferson
View of Greenwood Island in far distance (oil derrick). image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 22, 2017
2. View of Greenwood Island in far distance (oil derrick).
Davis, in what was later referred to as the "Asylum Lot." When the hospital closed in November, 1848, the remaining patients were transferred to New Orleans, and the site became an abandoned "military reservation" until sold in 1907. The hospital buildings were destroyed during the 3 hurricanes of 1860.

Legacy: Between 1979 and 2010, the remains of six soldiers have been recovered and reinterred with full military honors in the Biloxi National Cemetery.
 
Erected 2012 by the Jackson County Historical and Genealogical Society & the Descendants of Mexican War Veterans.
 
Location. 30° 20.572′ N, 88° 31.768′ W. Marker is in Pascagoula, Mississippi, in Jackson County. Marker is on Beach Boulevard 0.1 miles east of Westwood Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3209 Beach Boulevard, Pascagoula MS 39567, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Camp Twiggs and the Military Asylum 1849-1855 (a few steps from this marker); The Longfellow House (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Camp Jefferson Davis - Soldiers Return From The Mexican War - 1848 (approx. 0.2 miles away); President Zachary Taylor's Summer Home Site (approx. 0.3 miles away); Camp Jefferson Davis (approx. 0.3 miles away); Louisiana Native Guard Attacks Pascagoula (approx. 0.3 miles away); Capt. John Grant (approx. 1 miles away); Shipbuilding in Jackson County (approx. 2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pascagoula.
 
Regarding Camp Lawson – Military Hospital on Greenwood Island – 1848.
View of marker looking west along the Pascagoula Promenade. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 22, 2017
3. View of marker looking west along the Pascagoula Promenade.
Greenwood Island is not accessible to the public because it is on private property and heavily industrialized.
 
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia article on Thomas Lawson. (Submitted on March 28, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Gulf Live blog: Expedition yields sixth body related to Mexican-American War. (Submitted on March 28, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
3. Historic Mississippi Sites of the U.S.-Mexican War. (Submitted on March 28, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Science & MedicineWar, Mexican-American
 
View of marker showing Colonel John B. Porter & map of Greenwood Island and hospital. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, March 22, 2017
4. View of marker showing Colonel John B. Porter & map of Greenwood Island and hospital.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 28, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 28, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 81 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 28, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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