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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Philadelphia in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Starvation

 
 
Starvation Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., March 22, 2017
1. Starvation Marker
Inscription.

The Great Hunger in Ireland led to the greatest loss of life in western Europe in the 100 years between the Napoleonic Wars and World War I. Whole families and villages fell to starvation and accompanying diseases. Cholera, deadly fevers, dysentery, scurvy and typhus swept the population. People died in such great numbers that it was impossible to record all the deaths or to make enough coffins for burials. "Trap coffins," which were made with a trap door in the bottom, were used for the trip to the cemetery. Once there, the coffin was placed over the grave and the trap door opened to drop the body into it, leaving the coffin ready for the next victim.
• Tenants who were unable to pay the landlords found themselves evicted and their homes destroyed, so that they had no shelter as well as no food. The homeless, evicted from their small plots, died along the roadsides. Those arrested for taking food for their starving families could find themselves bound in chains on prison ships to Australia.
• British government relief efforts were largely limited to establishing soup kitchens, poorhouses, and public works projects, which failed because they were too few and poorly managed. The main voluntary attempts to deal with the crisis, especially in the west of Ireland, were undertaken by The Religious Society of Friends

The Irish Memorial / Leacht Cuimhneacháin na nGael image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr.
2. The Irish Memorial / Leacht Cuimhneacháin na nGael
(Quakers) whose organizers included William E. Foster and James Tuke. Philadelphia merchant, John Wanamaker, headed the Relief Committee and also contributed to the Friends' effort from this country. Eight ships filled with provisions sailed from Philadelphia. Others who contributed to the relief efforts included the Choctaw Indian Nation and The Society of the Friendly Sons of Saint Patrick of Philadelphia.
• Gone were the laughter of children at play, the cheerful greetings as one neighbor met another: "The famine silence, as it came to be called, seized the imagination of visitors and gave them a deeper feeling of the country's devastation than anything else they encountered," writes Thomas Gallagher, author of Paddy's Lament. "It was," he continues, "as if the entire country had become an open tomb, with voiceless specters moving about under a shattered sky whose thunder and rain alone made any sound."

[Illustration captions read]
From: The Illustrated London News 1849:
Above: Irish tenants being evicted from their home.
Right: The ruined and desolate houses in the village of Tullig, County Kerry, Ireland.
 
Erected 2003 by Concerned Citizens and Organizations. (Marker Number 4.)
 
Location. 39° 56.878′ N, 75° 8.529′ 

Famine Detail on The Irish Memorial Sculpture image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr.
3. Famine Detail on The Irish Memorial Sculpture
W. Marker is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia County. Marker is at the intersection of Chestnut Street and Front Street, on the right when traveling east on Chestnut Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: I-95 Park (100 South Front Street), Philadelphia PA 19106, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Potato Blight - Its Origin (here, next to this marker); An Gorta Mór - Ireland's Great Hunger (here, next to this marker); Ireland's Past - A Prelude to Disaster (here, next to this marker); The Irish Memorial / Leacht Cuimhneacháin na nGael (a few steps from this marker); Arrival and Reception (within shouting distance of this marker); Lorenzo L. Langstroth (within shouting distance of this marker); Passage and Emigration (within shouting distance of this marker); The Lessons of The Great Hunger (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Philadelphia.
 
More about this marker. Marker is part of The Irish Memorial.
 
Also see . . .
1. The Irish Memorial [Philadelphia]. (Submitted on March 29, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. The Irish Potato Famine, 1847. (Submitted on March 29, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Great Irish Famine Commemoration.
Starvation or Emigration Detail on The Irish Memorial Sculpture image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr.
4. Starvation or Emigration Detail on The Irish Memorial Sculpture
(Submitted on March 29, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Irish Famine Archive. (Submitted on March 29, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Charity & Public WorkDisastersPoliticsSettlements & Settlers
 
Arrival in a New World Detail on the Irish Memorial image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr.
5. Arrival in a New World Detail on the Irish Memorial
The Irish Memorial / Leacht Cuimhneacháin na nGael image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr.
6. The Irish Memorial / Leacht Cuimhneacháin na nGael
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 29, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 29, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 239 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on March 29, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on March 28, 2017, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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