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Tupelo in Lee County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Tupelo Campaign: Old Town Creek, July 15

 
 
Tupelo Campaign: Old Town Creek, July 15 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 7, 2017
1. Tupelo Campaign: Old Town Creek, July 15 Marker
Inscription. Although General Smith and the Union troops had defeated the Confederates on July 14, according to Sherman's orders. Smith should have attacked Forrest and Lee in an attempt to destroy the Confederate cavalry. Examining his supplies that evening, however, Smith learned that he was running Row rations and ammunition. He concluded that a withdrawal was in order.

The Union infantry began marching north on the morning of July 15, and skirmishers were deployed to cover the withdrawal. In the meantime the cavalry was ordered to lay waste to several miles of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad. Once the withdrawal was discovered, Confederate cavalry pursued and caught up with the Federals that afternoon at Old Town Creek.

An attack by Confederate cavalry and artillery from high ground caught the Union soldiers off guard as they were fording the creek. Federal troops recovered quickly, however and pushed back the attackers. General Abraham Buford's division was completely routed, and General Forrest was shot in the foot. The Confederates pulled back, and the Federals bivouacked here for the night before continuing their return to Memphis.

Smith had not only accomplished his primary mission of keeping Forrest away from Sherman's supply line in Tennessee, he had crippled Forrest's command. The combat effectiveness
Tupelo Campaign: Map showing route of 'retreating' Union troops. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 7, 2017
2. Tupelo Campaign: Map showing route of 'retreating' Union troops.
of General Abraham Buford's Confederate division was destroyed. General Lee wrote, am sure he Forrest did the best as he saw it. I am sure I did my best as saw it."

"I drove the enemy's rear before me to the creek bottom, with considerable loss.
... The support I was expecting not arriving, and the force of the enemy
being so much superior to my own, I was forced to withdraw."
Confederate general Abraham Buford

 
Erected by the Civil War Trust.
 
Location. 34° 18.437′ N, 88° 44.259′ W. Marker is in Tupelo, Mississippi, in Lee County. Marker is on Mt. Vernon Road north of Creely Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3454 Mt. Vernon Road, Tupelo MS 38804, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Tupelo Campaign: Harrisburg July 14 (a few steps from this marker); Tupelo Campaign: Pontotoc Road, July 13 (within shouting distance of this marker); Natchez Trace at Lee County (approx. 0.8 miles away); Old Town Creek (approx. 0.8 miles away); Chickasaw Village Site (approx. 2 miles
Tupelo Campaign: Lt. Hardy being removed from battle area. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 7, 2017
3. Tupelo Campaign: Lt. Hardy being removed from battle area.
away); Carver School / Desegregation of Schools Across the South (approx. 3.1 miles away); The Green Street Business District / Social Hub (approx. 3.2 miles away); Mayhorn Grocery (approx. 3.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tupelo.
 
Regarding Tupelo Campaign: Old Town Creek, July 15. Following the repulse near Tupelo July 14, Federal troops moved north and camped at Old Town Creek. The Confederates mounted a surprise attack on the camp July 15, but the Southerners were repulsed. Forrest was wounded during the fight and was kept out of action for three weeks. A 12-acre section of the battlefield has been preserved.
 
Also see . . .  Wikipedia article on the Battle of Tupelo. (Submitted on April 14, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Tupelo Campaign: Union troops resting on way out of area. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 7, 2017
4. Tupelo Campaign: Union troops resting on way out of area.
Tupelo Campaign: Old Town Creek, July 15 Marker on left image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 7, 2017
5. Tupelo Campaign: Old Town Creek, July 15 Marker on left
View of recently saved battlefield in background.
Tour directional sign nearby. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, April 7, 2017
6. Tour directional sign nearby.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 14, 2017. This page originally submitted on April 14, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 74 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on April 14, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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