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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Santa Elena in Municipality of Santa Elena, Yucatán, Mexico — The Southeast (Yucatan Peninsula)
 

The Ballgame

 
 
The Ballgame Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 20, 2017
1. The Ballgame Marker
Inscription.
Fue una actividad ritual adivinatoria y de adquisición de prestigio social. Se jugaba con esferas macizas de caucho que los participantes golpeaban utilizando una vestimenta protectora especial. El objetivo era mantener la pelota en movimiento y, de ser posible, introducirla en el aro. Este importante ejemplo se encuentra en el centro de un patio nivelado de manera artificial y recubierto con estuco. Consta de dos edificios paralelos con orientación norte-sur, que lo delimitan. Su construcción data de los años 800-1000 d.C.

Pie de dibujo: Reproducción hipotética

Maya-Yucateco:
Le báaxal ka’acha’ jump’éel tsolante’ tu’ux ku beeta’al na’ato’ob yéetel tu’ux ku chukik u nojchil máak. Ku báaxta’al ka’ach yéetel wóolis saats’ ku k’o’olol ka’ach tumen le jbáaxalo’ob yaan u jela’an nook’o’obo’. Ku kaxta’al ka’ach ma’ u p’áatal xma’ péek le wóosilo yéetel, wa ku páajtale’, u yosa’al ichi le joolo’. Lela’ tya’an tu chúumukil jump’éel táankabil yaan 13,000 meetro’ob, táaxkuna’an yéetel kukul chich luk’ta’an. Yaan ka’ap’éel u pak’ilil yaan u táanil xaman-nojol, ku ts’o’oksiko’ob jump’eel táankab yaan 680 meetro’ob ti’. U betpajlile’ ku k’iimbesa’al tu ja’abilo’ob 800 tak 1,000 ts’o’okol u k’uchul ki’ichkelem yuum.

English:
The game played here was a divinatory ritual activity in which players gained
An additional Ballgame Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 20, 2017
2. An additional Ballgame Marker
This additional marker is just northwest of the featured marker and Ballgame court. It is to the right as one walks south from the Quadrangle of the Nuns. It's text reads:

El Juego de Pelota
El gobernante que condujo a Uxmal a su época de mayor expansión y poder, Chan ChahkK’ahk’nalAjaw, fue quien mandó a construir esta cancha de juego de pelota (a finales del siglo IX o principios del X d.C.). Esta cancha presenta dos estructuras alargadas paralelas con dos anillos que tienen inscripciones que se fechan para 905 d.C.

El juego de pelota fue una actividad ceremonial de prestigio y se asocia con los gobernantes y, al mismo tiempo, con la humillación de cautivos. Esto se refleja en la ubicación de la cancha y su cercanía con el Palacio del Gobernador, posible residencia de la casa real y sede de poder del gobernante.

El juego se practicaba con una pelota de hule maciza cuya diámetro variaba en el área maya entre 20 cm y 35 cm. La pelota sólo podía tocarse con la cadera, los codos y las rodillas. Los jugadores llevaban vestimenta de protección elaborada con cuero para amortiguar el impacto.

English:
The Ballgame
The ruler who led Uxmal to its greatest era of expansión and power, ChahkK’ahk’nalAjaw Chan, was the one who ordered the construction of this ballgame court (during the late ninth or early tenth century A.D.). This court has two parallel elongated structures with two rings bearing inscriptions that date back to 905 A.D.

The ballgame was a prestigious ceremonial activity and is associated with rulers and at the same time, with the humiliation of captives. This is reflected in the location of the court and its proximity to the Governor’s Palace, the possible residence of the royal house and seat of power of the ruler.

The game was played with a solid rubber ball whose diameter in the Maya area varied between 20cm and 35cm. The ball could only be touched with the hips, elbows and knees. Players wore protective clothing made from leather to cushion the impact.
social prestige. It was played with hard rubber spheres that were hit by players wearing special protective gear. The object was to maintain the ball in movement and, if possible, to hit it into a stone ring. This important example is found in the center of an artificially graded patio coated in stucco. Two parallel buildings with a north-south alignment mark the borders of the court. Construction dates back to the years between 800 and 1000 A.D.

Caption translation: Hypothetical reproduction of the ball court.
 
Erected by Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes de México (CONACULTA)-INAH.
 
Location. 20° 21.598′ N, 89° 46.263′ W. Marker is in Santa Elena, Yucatán, in Municipality of Santa Elena. Marker can be reached from Route 261. Touch for map. The marker is just south of the ball court at the Uxmal Archaeological Site, some ten kilometers from Muna, south of Mérida. Marker is in this post office area: Santa Elena, Yucatán 97899, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Columns Building or the East Portico (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Architecture (about 120 meters away); Quadrangle of the Birds (about 150 meters away); The Governor's Palace
The Ballgame Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 20, 2017
3. The Ballgame Marker
In this view towards the north the marker can be seen, with the entrance to the Quadrangle of the Nuns in the distance.
(about 150 meters away); The Pillory Shrine (about 150 meters away); The Great Temple / Great Pyramid (about 180 meters away); The Throne of the Jaguar (about 180 meters away); West facade of the Chenes style Temple IV (about 210 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Santa Elena.
 
Categories. AnthropologyArchitectureNative AmericansSports
 
The Ballgame Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 20, 2017
4. The Ballgame Marker
Note the two "goals", the stone hoops through which players were to place the ball. The featured marker can be seen in the distance, roughly between the two walls of the ball game court. The Governor's Palace can be seen in the distance to the south.
The Ballgame goal markers image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 20, 2017
5. The Ballgame goal markers
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 23, 2017. This page originally submitted on April 16, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 163 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on April 23, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   4, 5. submitted on April 16, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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