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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ciudad de Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Stela E of Quiriguá

 
 
Stela E of Quiriguá Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 25, 2017
1. Stela E of Quiriguá Marker
Inscription.
Estela E de Quiriguá (Reproducción)
Quiriguá se localiza sobre el valle del río Motagua, que nace cerca de la ciudad de Guatemala y desemboca en el Golfo de Honduras. Su trayecto favoreció el comercio de obsidiana y jadeíta producida en los yacimientos de las tierras altas, cuya ruta probablemente controló Kaminaljuyú desde el Preclásico tardío.

Durante el Clásico tardío tutelada por Copán. Referencias de aquella ciudad señalan que K’ihnich Yahx Kuk’ Mo’ asumió el control de Quiriguá en 426 d.C. y fue su primer gobernante de origen étnico maya, convirtiéndose así en un importante enclave comercial. En 738 d.C. K’ahk’ Tiliw Chan Yopaat se entronizó supervisado por Waxaklaju’n Ub’aah K’awiil de Copán. También entabla cierta relación con Calakmuj, lo que transformará la historia regional, ya que mediante engaños capturó y sacrificó a Waxaklaju’n Ub’aah K’awiil, cuya victoria celebró en las estelas J, F y E.

La estela muestra el soberano con los símbolos de poder: el cetro del dios K’awil y su escudo. Posa de pie sobre la representación del topónimo B’alun te’ Witz o ‘Nueve Montañas’, con un tocado de plumas y sandalias provistas con la deidad Serpiente del Lirio Acuático (Yahn Chit Witz’ Nah Chan); asimilándose como eje del cosmos. La cara oeste contiene un largo texto que inicia con la fecha
Stela E of Quiriguá Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, January 25, 2017
2. Stela E of Quiriguá Marker
mayo 3 de 738 d.C., cuando recibió el cetro del K’awiil supervisado por Waxaklaju’n Ub’aah K’awiil, mencionando también su captura y sacrificio. K’ahk’ Tiliw se asume señor de Copán, como una manera de reconfigurar el paisaje geopolítico. Esto marcó el esplendor de Quiriguá al controlar la ruta fluvial sobre el Motagua y sumió a Copán en un ostracismo de casi 17 años. K’ahk’ Tiliw murió en el año 785 d.C.

English translation:
Stela E of Quiriguá (Reproduction)
Quiriguá is located in the valley of the Motagua River, which has its headwaters near the city of Guatemala and flows into the Gulf of Honduras. Its route favored the trade of obsidian and jadeite produced in the deposits of the highlands, whose route was probably controlled by Kaminaljuyú from the late Preclassic.

During the Late Classic it was protected by Copán. Sources from that city indicate that K'ihnich Yahx Kuk' Mo' took control of Quiriguá in 426 AD. He was its first ruler of Mayan origin, creating an important commercial enclave. In 738 AD K'ahk' Tiliw Chan Yopaat was enthroned under the supervision of Waxaklaju'n Ub'aah K'awiil from Copán. K'ahk' Tiliw also established a certain relationship with Calakmuj, which will transform regional history, since through deceits he was able to capture and sacrifice Waxaklaju'n Ub'aah K'awiil. This victory can be seen in stelae J, F and E.

The stela shows the sovereign ruler with the traditional symbols of power: the sceptre of the ruler K'awil and his shield. He stands on the representation of the place name B'alun te' Witz or 'Nine Mountains', with a headdress of feathers and sandals adorned with the deity of the Water Lily Serpent (Yahn Chit Witz' Nah Chan); thus assimilating itself as an axis of the cosmos. The west face contains a long text that begins with the date May 3 of 738 AD, when he received the scepter from Waxaklaju'n Ub'aah K'awiil, and then mentioning the capture and sacrifice of K'awill. K'ahk' Tiliw becomes the new Lord of Copan, thus reconfiguring the geopolitical landscape. This marked the highest splendor of Quiriguá and its control of the river route on the Motagua and plunged Copán into an ostracism of almost 17 years. K'ahk' Tiliw died in AD 785.
 
Location. 19° 25.526′ N, 99° 11.204′ W. Marker is in Ciudad de Mexico, Distrito Federal. Marker can be reached from Paseo de la Reforma. Touch for map. The marker and reproduction of the stela are on the grounds of the National Anthropological Museum of Mexico, south of the main building of the museum. The marker can only be seen by entering the museum grounds. Marker is at or near this postal address: 203 Paseo de la Reforma, Ciudad de Mexico, Distrito Federal 11550, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The National Anthropology Museum of Mexico (about 240 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Eagle and the Serpent (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Museum of National History (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); From the Peak (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); José María Morelos y Pavón (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); The March of Loyalty (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Francisco Marquez, Child Hero of Mexico (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); The Military College of Mexico (approx. 0.8 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ciudad de Mexico.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. This additional marker shows the original Stela E at Quiriguá.
 
Categories. AnthropologyNative AmericansWars, Non-US
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 19, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 19, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 66 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 19, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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