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Franklin in Williamson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank

The Average Soldier

 
 
Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
1. Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank Marker
Inscription. Whether in the Union or Confederate ranks, the typical Civil War soldier at Franklin came from a rural world. More than likely, he lived in the countryside or in a town about the size of Franklin, which had a population of about 750 at the time.

The average soldier was in his mid-twenties, stood about 5 feet 8 inches (1.73 meters) tall, and weighed about 145 pounds. The threadbare Confederates at Franklin likely weighed less, as they had just finished a long wintery trek from Alabama on limited rations. Some famished men later recalled eating pumpkins on their way here, as frigid rains and snow sapped their reserves. In contrast, the Federal supply system was far more reliable, but the Union solders also had to race here from Georgia and elsewhere, trudging as many as 20 miles (32 km) per day.

Few soldiers had more than six years of formal education. About 90 percent of Northern men could read and write, as could 80 percent of Southern soldiers. Although the average soldier lived in an age of immigration, he was likely born in America. Less than 5 percent of Confederates came from overseas. About a fourth of Northern soldiers were foreign-born, mostly of Irish, German, or Scandinavian origins.

Unquestionably, he served in a geographically broad-based army. The Unionís Army of the Cumberland hailed most
Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
2. Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank Marker
from the Midwest, but it also had units from Kansas, Kentucky, and Tennessee. The Southís Army of Tennessee consisted of regiments and batteries from every state in the Confederacy. It also included units from Missouri and Kentucky.
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 35° 54.46′ N, 86° 51.677′ W. Marker is in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson County. Marker can be reached from Eastern Flank Circle 0.4 miles south of Lewsiburg Pike (Business U.S. 431), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located in Eastern Flank Battlefield Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1368 Eastern Flank Cir, Franklin TN 37064, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Battle of Franklin (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank (about 500 feet away); Battle of Franklin, Aftermath (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named
Pvt. Adam Weaver image. Click for full size.
Battle of Franklin Trust Archives
3. Pvt. Adam Weaver
Pvt. Adam Weaver, 104th Ohio Infantry, fought with his regiment at the epicenter of the Battle of Franklin – the Carter Cotton Gin on the Columbia Pike. Surviving the ordeal, Weaver later called Franklin “a name that will haunt me for the rest of my days and nights.”
Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank (about 600 feet away); A Dream Postponed (about 800 feet away); Confederate Reunions at McGavock's Grove (about 800 feet away); The Long Road to Recovery (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
 
Also see . . .  Eastern Flank Battlefield Park. (Submitted on May 24, 2017.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Pvt. James L. Cooper image. Click for full size.
By Confederate Veteran Magazine
4. Pvt. James L. Cooper
Pvt. James L. Cooper, Co. C, 20th Tennessee Infantry, was a close friend of Tod Carter of the Carter house family. Cooper fought on the western flank in the Battle of Franklin.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 24, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 23, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. This page has been viewed 81 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 23, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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