Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near San Miguel de Allende in Municipality of Allende, Guanajuato, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

A Ceremonial Centre in the Laja River Basin

 
 
A Ceremonial Centre in the Laja River Basin Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
1. A Ceremonial Centre in the Laja River Basin Marker
Inscription.
Cañada de la Virgen: un centro cívico ceremonial en la cuenca de río Laja
En la epoca prehispánica Cañada de la Virgen fue un centro cívico ceremonial que alcanzó su mayor desarrollo durante los años 540 a 1050 d.C., sin que a la fecha haya sido posible determinar a que cultura perteneció. En las excavaciones se encontraron materiales procedentes de las costas del océano pacífico y el golfo de México, el occidente y la cuenca de México. En la abundante cerámica encontrada predomina el tipo Blanco Levantado y los tonos anaranjados que se relacionan con las tierras bajas que queretanas y los valles del Hidalgo.

Aquí se veneraba a los dioses y ancestros, se estudiaba a los astros, principalmente la Luna el Sol y Venus, y se determinaban los calendarios que regían la vida ceremonial, así como los ciclos de intercambio con la naturaleza, agricultura, caza y recolección.

Cañadas de la Virgen se encuentra sobre una meseta redeada de cañadas sobre la que descansa un estanque que debió ser estratégico para la fundación del lugar, pues con el agua y los variados recursos de este ecosistema de mesetas, cañadas y valles, se tenía lo necesario para el asentamiento: agua, tierras de cultivo, materiales de construcción, maderas, flora, fauna y abundantes productos de recolección.

Las investigaciones e interpretaciones
A Ceremonial Centre in the Laja River Basin Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
2. A Ceremonial Centre in the Laja River Basin Marker
The marker is to the right in this view, with the temple in distance.
realizadas señalan que este centro cívico ceremonial estuvo ligado a una organización social mayor que abarcaba alrededor de 60 asentamientos prehispánicos, y cuya cabecera de contro político y económico posiblemente fue San Miguel El Viejo, ubicado muy cerca y al sur de lo que hoy es la ciudad de San Miguel de Allende.

English:
A ceremonial centre in the Laja river basin
In the Pre-Hispanic era Cañada de la Virgen was a ceremonial civic centre which reached the height of its development between 540 and 1050 CE, it has not been possible to determine what culture it belonged to. Materials from the Pacific and Gulf coastal regions as well as from the west and the basin of Mexico were found during excavations. Raised White ceramics and the orange tones characteristic of the Queretaro lowlands and Hidalgo valleys predominate among the abundant ceramics found here.

Cañada de la Virgen was a religious centre in which gods and ancestors were worshipped and the stars studied, mainly the moon, the sun and venus. The calendars which governed ceremonial life were decided here, as well as those relating to nature: for agriculture, hunting and gathering.

Cañada de la Virgen is surrounded by gorges, located on a plateau which holds a pond that must have been strategic for foundation of the place as, with water and the various resources of this ecosystem
Nearby the marker is this site map of Cañada de la Virgen. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
3. Nearby the marker is this site map of Cañada de la Virgen.
– plateaus, gorges and valleys - the settlement had everything required: water, farm land, construction materials, wood, flora, fauna, and abundant gathering produce.

The investigations and analyses carried out indicate that his ceremonial civic centre was linked to a greater organization which spread over approximately 60 Pre-Hispanic settlements. The governing centre, or political and administrative centre, may have been San Miguel El Viejo (Old San Miguel), situated just south of what is today known as the city of San Miguel de Allende.
 
Erected by Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes de México (CONACULTA)-INAH.
 
Location. 20° 51.514′ N, 100° 55.64′ W. Marker is near San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, in Municipality of Allende. Marker can be reached from Route 67. Touch for map. The marker is the second marker to the right upon entering the archaeological site of Cañada de la Virgen. The archaeological site of Cañada de la Virgen is to the left when traveling north on State Road 67, some 30 km west of San Miguel de Allende. Marker is in this post office area: San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato 37701, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 19 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Ceremonial Avenue (within shouting distance of this marker); Complex A The House of the Thirteen Heavens (within shouting distance of this marker); Observing the Stars (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Burial 13 The hierarch and ancestral veneration (about 150 meters away); Layout and Architecture (about 180 meters away); Complex D The House of the Wind (about 180 meters away); Burial 18 The Decapitated Man (about 210 meters away); The Parish of Saint Anthony of Padua (approx. 19.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Miguel de Allende.
 
Categories. AnthropologyMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 6, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 23, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 65 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 23, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   3. submitted on June 6, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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