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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Franklin in Williamson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank

Lewisburg Pike Toll House

 
 
Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
1. Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank Marker
Inscription. Road construction boomed in Tennessee during the mid-1800s, and the Nashville area was the state’s primary highway hub. Private companies built most of the roads, and they placed tollhouses along the routes to collect fees to cover costs and create profits. Before the Civil War, such houses and their lowered gates were common. One such tollhouse stood directly to your right along the Lewisburg Turnpike.

These structures usually had permanent residents, employees of the managing companies who collected specific fees for each person, draft animal, and wagon that passed through during daylight hours. The turnpikes themselves were usually ten to twelve feet (three meters) wide, with ditches along the sides for drainage, and surfaces of gravel or tightly-packed small stones that created what were called macadamized roads.

The turnpikes kept state taxes low, but they often frustrated farmers and merchants trekking to markets. On the eighteen-mile trek from Franklin to Nashville, travelers had to stop and pay four times.

The Civil War severely damaged many of these highways, including the Lewisburg Pike. Heavy military traffic eroded the surfaces, consumed supplies for repairs, and made toll-collecting nearly impossible. Repairs were further complicated by widespread loss of draft animals during the war, a shortage
Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
2. Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank Marker
that lasted for decades afterward.

By the end of the century, public funding gradually replaced private construction, and Tennessee’s last tollhouses were closed in 1930.
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 35° 54.519′ N, 86° 51.453′ W. Marker is in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson County. Marker can be reached from Eastern Flank Circle 0.4 miles from Lewisburg Pike (Business U.S. 431), on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located in Eastern Flank Battlefield Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1368 Eastern Flank Cir, Franklin TN 37064, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Advancing With Scott's Brigade (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Advancing With Scott's Brigade (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Advancing With Scott's Brigade
Road grading with team of horses image. Click for full size.
Library of Congress
3. Road grading with team of horses
(approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Franklin (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Franklin (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
 
Also see . . .  Eastern Flank Battlefield Park. (Submitted on May 24, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
 
Categories. Roads & VehiclesWar, US Civil
 
The Lewisburg Pike Tollhouse image. Click for full size.
Williamson County Archives
4. The Lewisburg Pike Tollhouse
The Lewisburg Pike Tollhouse would have looked similar to this one, the Wally Scruggs tollgate in Nolensville. This image, taken early in the twentieth century, was a common sight for Tennessee travelers before and after the Civil War
Tollhouse Map image. Click for full size.
5. Tollhouse Map
The tollhouse stood beside the Lewisburg Pike. During the middle to late 1800s, tollhouses were situated every five miles or so along Tennessee’s turnpikes, many of which are today major highways.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 25, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 24, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. This page has been viewed 60 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 24, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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