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Lookout Mountain in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Medal of Honor Heritage Trail

Lookout Mountain - November - 1863

 
 
Medal of Honor Heritage Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
1. Medal of Honor Heritage Trail Marker
Inscription. General Grant originally intended the action on Lookout Mountain to be a simple demonstration or diversion to distract the Confederates while General Tecumseh Sherman moved north of the river and prepared to attack the north end of Missionary Ridge. Nevertheless, four men of the 149th New York Infantry were awarded the Medal of Honor for extreme valor during the intense fighting.

Henry Alanson Barnum joined the U.S. army as a Captain in 1861. He was badly wounded at Malvern Hill. After recovery he became Colonel of the 149th New York Infantry. He was later compelled to leave the unit for medical treatment. He rejoined the Regiment at Wauhatchie two weeks before the Lookout Mountain Battle. At the start of the battle he was still scarcely able to march with the regiment from the effects of wounds yet unhealed. Nevertheless, he insisted on leading from the front, inciting the men to greater action by words and example, he received a musket ball through the right fore-arm, totally disabled him from proceeding farther.

Sergeant John Kiggins entered the army and became the flag bearer for Company D in the 149th New York Infantry Regiment. At the start of the Lookout Mountain Battle, a thick fog near the creak made visibility very limited. Full scale fighting broke out, and the fog thickened to the point that visibility
Medal of Honor Heritage Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
2. Medal of Honor Heritage Trail Marker
was very limited. The men of the 149th found themselves shelled by Federal artillery. Sgt. Kiggins stood on a stump and held his flag above the fog, stopping the Federal shelling but drawing Confederate fire. Sergeant Kiggins’ clothing was filled with a total of nine bullet holes. The top of his head had been grazed by a bullet, and one bullet entered his thigh, but he survived.

Norman Potter joined the army at the start of the war, and became the First Sergeant of Company E, 149th New York Infantry Regiment. At Lookout Mountain, Lieutenant Colonel Randall reported, “One [Confederate battle flag] was taken from the hands of the rebel sergeant who carried it by First Sergeant Norman F. Potter, Company E, while in advance of our line, and near the beginning of the felled timber beyond the rebel camps on Lookout Mountain. He disarmed the sergeant and passed him to the rear a prisoner. Sergeant Potter was afterward severely wounded and is now in the hospital.”

At the start of the war, Peter Kappesser joined the 149th New York Infantry Regiment. On Lookout Mountain he captured a Confederate battle flag while rescuing a wounded comrade. In the cold of that night, Private Kappesser used his captured Confederate flag as a scarf around his neck and continued to do so until the end of the battle at Missionary Ridge, whereupon he gave the flag to the commander
Colonel Henry A. Barnum image. Click for full size.
3. Colonel Henry A. Barnum
of his regiment. Colonel Brannon carried all the captured trophies to Washington.

This sign made possible by the Benwood Foundation
 
Erected by The National Medal of Honor Museum of Military History Foundation.
 
Location. 35° 0.434′ N, 85° 20.273′ W. Marker is in Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is on Scenic Highwy (Tennessee Route 148) south of Willingham Road, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. The Marker is in the parking lot of Mountain Memories Gift Shop. Marker is at or near this postal address: 906 Scenic Hwy, Chattanooga TN 37409, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cravens House (within shouting distance of this marker); Stevenson's Division (approx. ¼ mile away); Clayton's Brigade (approx. ¼ mile away); Pettus' Brigade (approx. 0.3 miles away); Walthall's Brigade (approx. 0.3 miles away); Final Line (approx. 0.3 miles away); Moore's Brigade (approx. 0.3 miles away); Soldier Tourists (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lookout Mountain.
 
Also see . . .  Medal of Honor Heritage Trail. (Submitted on May 31, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Sergeant John Kiggins image. Click for full size.
4. Sergeant John Kiggins
Private Peter Kappesser image. Click for full size.
5. Private Peter Kappesser
The New York Monument on Lookout Mountain at Cravens House image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
6. The New York Monument on Lookout Mountain at Cravens House
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 1, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 31, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. This page has been viewed 63 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 31, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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