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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Medal of Honor Heritage Trail

Missionary Ridge - November - 1863

 
 
Medal of Honor Heritage Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
1. Medal of Honor Heritage Trail Marker
Inscription. The men of General John B. Turchinís Brigade were bitter at the way they were treated by the Confederates at Chickamauga. As they swarmed up Missionary Ridge on November 25th they screamed “Chickamauga!!” over and over again as their war cry.

Three of these soldiers from the 11th Ohio Infantry and one from the 31st Ohio were awarded the Medal of Honor for the valor they showed going up the ridge in the face of massed artillery and musket fire with such determination that nothing could stand in their path. In his formal report of the action, General Turchin stated: “James B. Bell, Color Sergeant, Eleventh Ohio, who was wounded in five places before he gave up; Corpl. George Greene and Private H.R. Howard, of the same regiment, who captured the rebel flag; James Walker, Private Thirty-first Ohio, who carried the colors after 2 color bearers had fallen, and captured one of the enemyís flagsÖ should all be promoted”

John B. Bell joined the 11th Ohio infantry at Camp Dennison near Cincinnati, Ohio. He was Colors Sergeant for the regiment when the unit fought at Missionary Ridge as a part of General John B. Turchinís Brigade. Sergeant James B. Bellís Medal of Honor citation stated: “Though severely wounded, was first of his regiment on the summit of the ridge, planted his colors inside the
Medal of Honor Heritage Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
2. Medal of Honor Heritage Trail Marker
enemyís works, and did not leave the field until after he had been wounded 5 times.”

George Green of Elsham, England was a corporal in the 11th Ohio Infantry when he went up the ridge with Turchinís men. Many of the attacking Federal soldiers fell before a severe fusillade of enemy fire, but Corporal Green continued until he approached the works and leaped over the enemyís fortifications. There Corporal Green and Private Hiram Howard found the color bearer of the 18th Alabama Infantry and wrested the flag from him in combat. They earned Medals of Honor for heroism in action.

On August 4, 1862, Arthur MacArthur, at the age of 17, was commissioned First Lieutenant and appointed Adjutant of the 24th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. In the attack on Missionary Ridge he was in General Philip Sheridanís Division a short distance south of Turchinís Brigade. Noon passed, then 1 and 2 p.m., then guided by the beat of drums and the sound of bugles the Army of the Cumberland charged on a dead run toward the enemy rifle pits three quarters of a mile away. Sheridanís 1st Brigade and the 24th Wisconsin were the first to hit the Confederate rifle pits. Up the ridge, Capt. Edwin Parsons, of Company K, jumped into the pits with MacArthur right on his heels. Lieutenant MacArthur seized his unitís colors and planted them on the enemy breastworks, thus rallying the
National Park Service Tablet Dealing With Turchin's Brigade image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
3. National Park Service Tablet Dealing With Turchin's Brigade
regiment at a critical moment, all while under fire from the Confederates. His unit took the breastworks and eventually won the battle. For this feat he was awarded the Medal of Honor and was inspired to become a career soldier.
 
Erected by National Medal of Honor and Museum of Military History Foundation.
 
Location. 35° 1.126′ N, 85° 15.832′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is at the intersection of South Crest Road and South Crest Place, on the right when traveling north on South Crest Road. Touch for map. Located at the Bragg Reservation - Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3136 S Crest Pl, Chattanooga TN 37404, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Medal of Honor Heritage Trail (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Medal of Honor Heritage Trail (here, next to this marker); Dawson's Georgia Battery (here, next to this marker); Missionary Ridge School (a few steps from this marker); 24th Wisconsin Infantry (a few steps from this marker); 44th Illinois Infantry
Lietenant Arthur MacArthur image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
4. Lietenant Arthur MacArthur
(within shouting distance of this marker); 73rd Illinois Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Missouri U.S.A. Troops Monument (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
 
Also see . . .
1. Medal of Honor Heritage Trail. (Submitted on June 1, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.)
2. Missionary Ridge - Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park. National Park Service (Submitted on June 3, 2017.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Ground Where Turchin's Brigade Fought image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Stahl
5. The Ground Where Turchin's Brigade Fought
Lt. General Arthur MacArthur grave marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, September 25, 1999
6. Lt. General Arthur MacArthur grave marker
He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery, VA-Section 2, Site 845A
James B. Bell Medal of Honor grave marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 14, 2002
7. James B. Bell Medal of Honor grave marker
He is buried in Gettysburg Cemetery, Gettysburg OH, Section C1, Lot 32
George Green Medal of Honor grave marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 14, 2002
8. George Green Medal of Honor grave marker
He is buried in Riverside Cemetery, Troy OH, Section 3, Lot 105
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 1, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia. This page has been viewed 86 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 1, 2017, by Brandon Stahl of Fairfax, Virginia.   6, 7, 8. submitted on June 15, 2017, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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