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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Miguel de Allende in Municipality of Allende, Guanajuato, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Observing the Stars

 
 
Observing the Stars Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
1. Observing the Stars Marker
Inscription.
Observando los astros
En distintas partes de Mesoamérica y del mundo, las sociedades antiguas usaron un sistema para medir el tiempo utilizando como referencia el movimiento del Sol, ya que durante un año hace un recorrido entre dos extremos. Para ello, se ubicaban los puntos de la salida de éste en el horizonte, de ahí el nombre con el que se conoce: calendario de horizonte.

Partiendo del solsticio de verano, la salida del Sol se va desplazando día a día en el horizonte, hasta llegar al otro extremo en el solsticio de invierno, para luego regresar. El punto medio es el equinoccio de otoño y el de primavera.

En Cañada de la Virgen también fue utilizado este calendario, pues sabemos que el Sol sale sobre el pórtico - en la plataforma este del Complejo A - los días 17 de abril y 25 de agosto, es decir, en fechas asociadas con la temporada de lluvias en la región.

Recientes observaciones nos confirman que además la Luna y sus distintas fases sirvieron para contabilizar el tiempo. Existe el registro de un antiguo calendario otomí vinculado a la Luna, cuerpo celeste que muchas veces está asociado con la transformación.

Sabemos que el Sol y la Luna fueron en Cañada de la Virgen la pareja mítica primordial y por su advocación de Señor y Señora del Monte, o de los dueños del cerro, era quienes regulaban
Observing the Stars Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
2. Observing the Stars Marker
The marker is in the southeast corner of the plaza to the east of the Red Temple.
la explotación de los recursos naturales, Creencias que están vigentes hasta la actualidad.

English:
Observing the stars

In different parts of Mesoamerica and elsewhere in the World, ancient societies had a system for measuring time that used as a reference point the sun’s movement, as it travels between two extreme points during a year. For this, the points from where the Sun rises on the horizon are noted hence the name: horizon calendar.

Beginning at the summer solstice, the point where the sun rises shifts along the horizon until it reaches the other end at the winter solstice, and then returns.

Such a calendar was also used at Cañada de la Virgen, as we can see that the sun comes out over the porch - located on the eastern Platform of Complex A – on April 17th and August 25Th, that is, dates associated with the rainy season in this region.

Recent observations confirm that the moon and its different phases were also used to count time. There are records of an ancient Otomí calendar linked to the moon, the celestial body often associated with transformation.

We know that the and sun and the moon were the primordial mythical pair in the Cañada de la Virgen belief system, and from their names as Lord and Lady of the Mount, or as Master and Mistress of the Hill, it was they who regulated the exploitation of the natural
Observing the Stars Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, February 5, 2017
3. Observing the Stars Marker
The marker can be seen in the distance to the right of the plaza. This view is from the top of the Red Temple (main pyramid at the site).
resources. These beliefs still prevail.
 
Erected by Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes de México (CONACULTA)-INAH.
 
Location. 20° 51.496′ N, 100° 55.684′ W. Marker is in San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, in Municipality of Allende. Marker can be reached from Route 67. Touch for map. The marker is in a plaza to the east of the main pyramid at the archaeological site of Cañada de la Virgen. The site is to the left when traveling north on State Road 67, some 30 km west of San Miguel de Allende. Marker is in this post office area: San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato 37701, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 19 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Complex A The House of the Thirteen Heavens (within shouting distance of this marker); Burial 13 The hierarch and ancestral veneration (within shouting distance of this marker); A Ceremonial Centre in the Laja River Basin (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Layout and Architecture (about 120 meters away); The Ceremonial Avenue (about 120 meters away); Burial 18 The Decapitated Man (about 120 meters away); Complex D The House of the Wind (about 120 meters away); The Parish of Saint Anthony of Padua (approx. 19.3 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Miguel de Allende.
 
Categories. AnthropologyArchitectureMan-Made FeaturesNative Americans
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 7, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 7, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 41 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 7, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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