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Vicksburg National Military Park in Warren County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Artillery, The King of Battle

 
 
Artillery, The King of Battle Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 25, 2017
1. Artillery, The King of Battle Marker
Inscription. The types of cannon you see here all saw action during the Vicksburg fighting. For centuries, artillery had ruled the battlefield. By the time of the Civil War, advances like rifled barrels, improved aiming and ignition had made cannon more powerful—and more deadly than ever before.

Here Confederate artillery made Vicksburg's fortifications tough and closed down the Mississippi to Union traffic. Here also, Union cannon held Confederates captive inside their defenses, forcing their final surrender.

Right Side Insert
Pick Your Target, Pick Your Shot
Civil War artillerymen used a variety of lethal projectiles to rain down death and destruction on their enemy.
Left column
Canister shot burst when fired, spraying iron balls like a shotgun.
Spherical shell packed with gunpowder exploded in flight, throwing deadly shrapnel.
Right column
Solid shot battered fortifications, ships, and crashed through large formations of troops.
Spherical case blew apart after firing, launching musket balls in every direction.
Rifled projectiles spun along spiral grooves inside a cannon's barrel, giving them more accuracy.

Photo captions
Main photo: Confederate rifled cannon were used in the defenses
Artillery, The King of Battle marker and cannons. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 25, 2017
2. Artillery, The King of Battle marker and cannons.
Cannon type, right to left: Brennan-6 pounder gun, 3-inch ordnance rifle, 12 pounder field rifle, 24 pounder siege gun, 9 inch Dahlgren shell gun, 10 inch siege mortar (barely visible).
of Vicksburg.
Bottom right: Park rangers and volunteers demonstrate the cannon firing drill taught to Civil War artillerymen.
 
Erected by the National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 32° 20.643′ N, 90° 51.036′ W. Marker is in Vicksburg National Military Park, Mississippi, in Warren County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Union Avenue and Confederate Avenue. Touch for map. Located next to the Vicksburg National Military Park visitors center and parking lot. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3201 Clay Street, Vicksburg MS 39183, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Vicksburg is the Key (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle for Vicksburg (within shouting distance of this marker); U.S. 1st Battery, (within shouting distance of this marker); U.S. 17th Battery. (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ohio Ninety Sixth Infantry, (about 300 feet away); Indiana Company C, 4th Cavalry. (about 300 feet away); 23rd Wisconsin Infantry Camp (about 300 feet away); Indiana 1st Brig. 10th Div. 13th Corps (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vicksburg National Military Park.
 
Categories. MilitaryWar, US Civil
 
Artillery cannons. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 25, 2017
3. Artillery cannons.
Cannon type, right to left: 24 pounder field howitzer, 4.2 inch Parrott siege rifle, 32 pounder Navy siege gun, 32 pounder gun Navy rifling Brooke type, 10 inch Columbiad (Rodman).
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 8, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 8, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 63 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 8, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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