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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Veracruz in Municipality of Veracruz, Mexico — The Gulf Coast
 

The Governor's House

 
 
The Governor's House Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
1. The Governor's House Marker
Inscription.
Casa del gobernador
La casa del castellano o casa del gobernador es una de las edificaciones más importantes de San Juan de Ulúa pues, durante la época virreinal era la residencia de la autoridad encargada del fuerte y de la ciudad de Veracruz. La planta baja estaba conformada por cuatro bóvedas "a prueba de bomba" que servían como almacenes y refugio para la élite de la fortaleza en caso de ataque. La planta alta se terminó a fines del siglo XIX.

Durante la Guerra de Reforma (1857-1861), Benito Juárez se instaló en esta casa y estableció aquí su sede de gobierno. En 1915, Venustiano Carranza suprimió la cárcel de San Juan de Ulúa, declaró la casa del gobernador residencia presidencial y se instaló, junto con su gabinete, en este sitio.

Actualmente, en la planta baja de la casa hay una sala de exposiciones temporales y, en el piso superior, se encuentra una sala de sitio que explica la historia del Fuerte de San Juan de Ulúa desde la época prehispánica hasta el siglo XVIII.

English translation:
The Governor’s House
The House of the Castilian or the Governor’s House is one of the most important buildings of San Juan de Ulúa because during the viceroyal era it was the residence of the authority in charge of the fort and the city of Veracruz. The
The Governor's House Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
2. The Governor's House Marker
The marker is towards the left of the Governor's House.
ground floor consisted of four "bomb-proof" vaults that served as warehouses and shelter for the fort's elite in case of attack. The second floor was completed at the end of the 19th century.

During the Reform War (1857-1861), Benito Juárez settled in this house and established his seat of government here. In 1915, Venustiano Carranza closed the prison of San Juan de Ulúa, declared the Governor´s House as the presidential residence and settled, together with his cabinet, in this place. Currently, on the ground floor of the house there is a temporary exhibition hall and, on the upper floor, there is a room that explains the history of the Fort of San Juan de Ulúa from pre-hispanic times to the eighteenth century.
 
Location. 19° 12.567′ N, 96° 7.863′ W. Marker is in Veracruz, Veracruz, in Municipality of Veracruz. Touch for map. The marker is towards the left of the Governor's House at the Fort San Juan Ulúa historic site. Marker is in this post office area: Veracruz 91700, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. General Miguel Barragán (within shouting distance of this marker); Benito Juárez in Prison in San Juan de Ulúa (within shouting distance of this marker); The Last Stronghold of the Spanish in Mexico (within shouting
An exhibit at the Governor's House Museum image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
3. An exhibit at the Governor's House Museum
As the marker mentions, the second floor of the Governor's House serves as a museum. This is part of one of the exhibits, illustrating the sea routes that the Spanish used in the Caribbean and New Spain.
distance of this marker); The “Curtain” of San Fernando (within shouting distance of this marker); The Prison of San Juan de Ulúa (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bastion of San Crispin (within shouting distance of this marker); Patio of the Curtain or Dry Moat (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Wall of the Rings (about 90 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Veracruz.
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesPoliticsWars, Non-US
 
An additional marker on the coral stone used in the fort's construction image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
4. An additional marker on the coral stone used in the fort's construction
This marker is on the northern side of the large plaza in front of the Governor's House. It reads:
Piedra múcara
Los arrecifes de Veracruz, además de constituir una barrera natural para San Juan de Ulúa, sirvieron como material para edificar el fuerte. El coral, llamado piedra múcara o múcar, era extraído vivo del fondo del mar y tras secarlo al sol, era aserrado en bloques para erigir los cimientos y muros. La piedra múcar y las conchas también se quemaban para hacer con ellas la cal de la argamasa necesaria para la construcción.

Entre los trabajadores que participaron en la edificación de San Juan de Ulúa, había esclavos negros, soldados de la guarnición, albañiles, canteros, carpinteros, herreros e ingenieros que dirigían las obras. La piedra múcar fue empleada para la fortaleza y otros edificios de la ciudad de Veracruz, en los que se usaron miles de toneladas de coral. En los muros de este fuerte se han identificado más de veintitrés especies de coral; según la dureza de cada una fueron utilizadas en distintos lugares del inmueble. El espécimen más abundante es el que se conoce como "coral cerebro".

Desde 1992, el Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano es considerado como un parque marino nacional y se encuentra protegido para conservar el equilibrio ecológico y preservar la flora y fauna en peligro de extinción.

English translation:
Múcara or Coral Stone
The reefs of Veracruz, besides constituting a natural barrier for San Juan de Ulúa, served as material to build the fort. The coral, known in Spanish as múcara or mucar, was extracted alive from the bottom of the sea and after drying in the sun, was sawn into blocks to use in the foundations and walls.

Among the workers who took part in the construction of San Juan de Ulúa, there were slaves, soldiers of the garrison, masons, carpenters, blacksmiths and also engineers who directed the works. The stone was used for the fort and other buildings in the city of Veracruz, where thousands of tons of coral were used. In the walls of this fort more than twenty three species of coral have been identified. According to the hardness of each type of coral they were used in different places in the construction. The most abundant species used is what is known as "brain coral".

Since 1992, the Veracruz Reef System is considered a national marine park and is protected to preserve the local ecology and to preserve the flora and fauna in danger of extinction here.
An example of the coral stone used to construct the fort. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 23, 2017
5. An example of the coral stone used to construct the fort.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 12, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 9, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 59 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 9, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   4, 5. submitted on June 12, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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