“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Martinsville, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Fayette Street

Fayette Street Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 9, 2017
1. Fayette Street Marker
Inscription. Since the late 19th century, Fayette Street has been a gateway to the business, social, and Cultural life of African Americans here. Institutions such as Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church (founded in 1870), St. Mary’s Hospital (1926-1952), Piedmont Christian Institute (1900-1934), and Imperial Savings and Loan (founded in 1929) were pillars of this community. A part of the street Known as Baldwin’s Block (1920s-1960s) represented the entrepreneurial spirit of the people. Dr. Dana O. Baldwin and his brothers founded the June German Ball, which was held at a number of venues here. This annual musical and dance festival hosted world-renowned African American musicians that played to regional audiences.
Erected 2005 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number A-107.)
Location. 36° 41.592′ N, 79° 52.584′ W. Marker is in Martinsville, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Fayette Street (Virginia Route 457) and West Market Street, on the right when traveling east on Fayette Street. Touch for map. It is at the New College Institute. Marker is in this post office area: Martinsville VA 24112, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Near War's End (approx. 0.2 miles
Fayette Street Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 9, 2017
2. Fayette Street Marker
away); Henry County War Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); Martinsville (approx. 0.2 miles away); Henry County U.D.C. Monument (approx. ¼ mile away); Belleview (approx. 3 miles away); Waller's Ford (approx. 3.3 miles away); Martinsville Speedway (approx. 4.1 miles away); Chatmoss (approx. 4.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Martinsville.
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia Entry for Fayette Street Historic District. Fayette Street Historic District is a national historic district located at Martinsville, Virginia. It encompasses 116 contributing buildings, in a traditionally African-American section of Martinsville. It includes a variety of commercial, religious, educational and residential buildings dating from the late-19th century through the mid- 20th century. Notable buildings include the Dennis Hairston House (c. 1910), community Market (1925), Mt. Carmel Church, Grace United Presbyterian Church (c. 1918), Albert Harris Intermediate School, Alex Hairston House (c. 1923), Baldwin Block, Watkins-Hairston Funeral Home (1931), Gordon Building (1941), and the Imperial Savings and Loan (1953) (Submitted on June 21, 2017.) 

2. Baldwin Block - Historical Significance. “Denied privileges at white hospitals, where blacks were often not admitted as patients, many African-American doctors in the South opened small private hospitals such as St. Mary's. Because many black patients were poor, these hospitals were seldom profitable, and the physicians who owned them frequently operated additional businesses.” (Submitted on June 21, 2017.) 
Categories. African Americans
Credits. This page was last revised on June 21, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 21, 2017, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 119 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 21, 2017, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Photo of Mt. Zion AME Church • Photo of Balwin’s Block • Photo of the June German Ball mural • Photos of other institutions mentioned on the marker • Can you help?
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