Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Carlisle in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Technical History

What is a redoubt?

 
 
Technical History Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, September 11, 2012
1. Technical History Marker
Inscription. A redoubt is a small temporary fortification of entrenched earth and wood. These battlefield strong points were designed to provide cover for defending infantry and artillery as well as slow down an attacking force. Several construction elements make up a redoubt. During the American Revolution both the British and Continental forces used John Mullerís 1746 Elements of Fortification, which was a hybrid of the current theories of entrenchments put forth by Marshal de Vauban of France and the Baron Menno Van Coehorn of the Dutch Army. These systems emphasized a catalog of shapes and fortification features that a commander could fit to suit the particular circumstances of the battlespace. Before you is a recreation of an 18th century redoubt, can you spot the different design elements?

1. Embrasure: Opening in parapet for artillery to fire through.
2. Shipís carriage with 18 pdr cannon: Garrison carriages differ from shipís carriages by having small cast iron wheels as opposed to ones made of wood.
3. Gun platform: A floor made of joists and planks to serve as a foundation for artillery and mortars.
4. Fascine: Bundles of saplings bound with vines used to support the parapet.
5. 24 pdr mortar and bed: A short artillery piece mounted to a large wooden block that fires projectiles at extreme elevations over the fortification.
6.

Insert - Redoubt cross-section image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, September 11, 2012
2. Insert - Redoubt cross-section
Mortar pit: A gun platform specifically used for mortars.
 
Erected by U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center.
 
Location. 40° 12.25′ N, 77° 9.473′ W. Marker is in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in Cumberland County. Marker can be reached from Army Heritage Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Carlisle PA 17013, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Capture of Redoubt #10 (a few steps from this marker); Respect (within shouting distance of this marker); Revolutionary War (within shouting distance of this marker); Smallpox (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Smallpox (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Smallpox (within shouting distance of this marker); Personal Courage (within shouting distance of this marker); Stations Upon the Road (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Carlisle.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, US Revolutionary
 
Redoubt interior display image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, September 11, 2012
3. Redoubt interior display
"Before you is a recreation of an 18th century redoubt, can you spot the different design elements?"
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 22, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 22, 2017, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 115 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 22, 2017, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. A wide shot of the marker and its surroundings. • Can you help?
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