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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Scotland in Saint Marys County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Prison Pen

 
 
Prison Pen Marker image. Click for full size.
By Pete Payette, June 19, 2017
1. Prison Pen Marker
Inscription. Here you see a partial reconstruction of Camp Hoffman, the largest Union prison camp for Confederate soldiers. Built after the Battle of Gettysburg, it was planned to hold 10,000 prisoners. However, more than five times that number—52,000 in all—were imprisoned here at some point between 1863 and 1865 (the largest one-time prisoner population was about 20,000, in August 1864).

Conditions were terrible. In 1865 a prisoner wrote "If it were not for hope, how could we live in a place like this?" If you were lucky, you survived the hunger, the contaminated water, the disease and the weather. But over 3500 Confederate soldiers did not survive. Remember them along with 1000 Union soldiers and an unknown number of contrabands who also perished here during the war as you visit this site, reconstructed by the Friends of Point Lookout.

Role Reversal
Soldiers of the United States Colored Troops served as prison guards here. The irony of those who had been enslaved guarding former masters was not lost on the troops. One African-American soldier was quoted saying "the bottom rail's on top, now".
 
Erected by Point Lookout State Park, Maryland Park Service.
 
Location. 38° 2.942′ N, 76° 19.464′ 
Prison Pen Marker image. Click for full size.
By Pete Payette, June 19, 2017
2. Prison Pen Marker
W. Marker is near Scotland, Maryland, in Saint Marys County. Marker can be reached from Point Lookout Road (Maryland Route 5) south of Scotland Beach Road (Route 2.2), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located between Fort Lincoln and Point Lookout Road. Marker is in this post office area: Scotland MD 20687, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Point Lookout Prisoner-Of-War Camp (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Storm Blocks the Route to Freedom (approx. mile away); Smallpox Epidemic (approx. half a mile away); Death at Point Lookout (approx. half a mile away); A Seaside Resort at Point Lookout (approx. half a mile away); A Place of History (approx. half a mile away); "Contraband" Camp (approx. 0.6 miles away); A Bustling Civil War Community (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Scotland.
 
Also see . . .  Point Lookout State Park. Maryland Park Service (Submitted on June 26, 2017.) 
 
Categories. Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansWar, US Civil
 
Prison Pen image. Click for full size.
By Pete Payette, June 19, 2017
3. Prison Pen
Prison Pen image. Click for full size.
By Pete Payette, June 19, 2017
4. Prison Pen
Prison Pen image. Click for full size.
By Pete Payette, June 19, 2017
5. Prison Pen
Prisoners only had tents like this for protection from the sun and weather. The ground would have been bare dirt or mud. There were no trees for shade.
Prison Pen image. Click for full size.
By Pete Payette, June 19, 2017
6. Prison Pen
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 26, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 26, 2017, by Pete Payette of Orange, Virginia. This page has been viewed 154 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 26, 2017, by Pete Payette of Orange, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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