Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Preston in Franklin County, Idaho — The American West (Mountains)
 

California Volunteers March to the Bear River

Massacre at Bear River

 

A Clash of Cultures

 
California Volunteers March to the Bear River Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 21, 2017
1. California Volunteers March to the Bear River Marker
Caption: (bottom left) Col. Patrick E. Connor; (map, upper right) Connor's March from Salt Lake City to Bear River.
Inscription. The tensions between the Shoshone and the settlers eventually led to a call from Utah territorial leaders of help from the Army, but the Civil War was on and military resources were stretched thin. In 1861 the third California Volunteer Infantry has formed in Stockton under the command of Col. Patrick Edward Connor. To their dismay, the Volunteers were not assigned to serve in the war effort, but instead were called to protect the Overland Mail Route. In the summer of 1862, they marched from Stockton, California to Salt Lake City in the Utah Territory and established Fort Douglas. After reports of horses stolen by the Shoshone and skirmishes between Indians and miners in early 1863, Col. Connor saw his chance for a reprisal. A supply convoy left Salt Lake for the Bear River on January 21, followed three days later by 220 cavalry soldiers. A few days before, several bands of Shoshone had joined together here for a Warm Dance, a yearly time of prayer for renewal, fruitful growth, and the return of spring. One Shoshone medicine man had a vision of a great battle in which many of his people were killed prompting the visiting bands to pack up and move to other winter campgrounds. So on January 29, only 75 remaining lodges of the Northwest Band, under chief Bear Hunter, camped below near the bend of the Bear River (Marker Number 4.)
Connor's March from Salt Lake City to Bear River, detail from California Volunteers March Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 21, 2017
2. Connor's March from Salt Lake City to Bear River, detail from California Volunteers March Marker

 
Location. 42° 9.16′ N, 111° 54.435′ W. Marker is near Preston, Idaho, in Franklin County. Marker can be reached from U.S. 91 near Hot Springs Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2942 U.S. Highway 91, Preston ID 83263, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Attack at Bia Ogoi (here, next to this marker); Change and Conflict (a few steps from this marker); Shoshone Bear River Winter Home (a few steps from this marker); A Battle Becomes a Massacre (a few steps from this marker); The Earth Will Remember (a few steps from this marker); The Shoshone (within shouting distance of this marker); Utah & Northern Railway (approx. 0.8 miles away); Bear River Massacre (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Preston.
 
More about this marker. The Bear River Massacre Interpretive Site is located on a hilltop overlooking the site of the massacre.
 
Categories. Native AmericansWars, US Indian
 
California Volunteers March to the Bear River Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, June 21, 2017
3. California Volunteers March to the Bear River Marker
This marker is second on the left.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 18, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 18, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 67 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 18, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.
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