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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Washington Court House in Fayette County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Fayette County Court House / Washington Court House Riot of 1894

Archibald M. Willard Murals

 
 
Fayette County Court House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Rev. Ronald Irick, July 28, 2017
1. Fayette County Court House Marker
Inscription.
Fayette County Court House
Opened on May 1, 1885, this is the third Fayette County Court House building. Ohio artist Archibald Willard, who is best known for the patriotic painting, "The Spirit of '76," was commissioned by the firm Cooks Brothers to do painting and fresco work for the interior walls of the courthouse. Willard did not sign his work and the artist's identity remained a mystery for nearly 75 years until confirmation was made in August 1956. The artist's name was cleverly disguised in the delivery address of the letter in "The Spirit of the U.S. Mail" mural. The other primary murals, "Spirit of Electricity" and "Spirit of the Telegraph," adorn the third floor corridor.

Washington Court House Riot of 1894
On October 16, 1894, a crowd gathered outside the courthouse with intent to lynch alleged attacker William "Jasper" Dolby. Governor William McKinley ordered Ohio National Guard troops sent in to subdue the crowd. The mob was initially thwarted, but on October 17, while Dolby awaited transportation from the jail to the courthouse, the riots intensified. Despite Dolby's guilty plea to rape and a 20-year sentence, the crowd sought vengeance. They rushed the courthouse doors, and were warned to "disperse or be fired upon." They ignored the warning and continued to batter the doors. Colonel Alonzo

Washington Court House Riot of 1894 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Rev. Ronald Irick, July 28, 2017
2. Washington Court House Riot of 1894 Marker
Side B
B. Coit ordered his troops to fire through the courthouse doors; five men were killed. Colonel Coit was indicted for manslaughter and was acquitted at trial. After the trial, Governor McKinley stated, "The law was upheld as it should have been...but in this case at fearful cost... Lynching cannot be tolerated in Ohio." The bullet holes are still visible in the south doors of the courthouse.
 
Erected 2002 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Fayette County Travel and Tourism Bureau, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number OHS 1- 24.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 39° 32.168′ N, 83° 26.385′ W. Marker is in Washington Court House, Ohio, in Fayette County. Marker is at the intersection of East Court Street (U.S. 22) and North Main Street, on the left when traveling east on East Court Street. Touch for map. Marker is on the front lawn of the Fayette County Court House. Marker is at or near this postal address: 110 E. Court Street, Washington Court House OH 43160, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fayette County World War Memorial (here, next to this marker); War Savings Quota
Washington Court House Riot of 1894 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Rev. Ronald Irick, July 28, 2017
3. Washington Court House Riot of 1894 Marker
Full view of marker, looking south ease at E Court and S Main
(here, next to this marker); Fayette County War Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Veterans Memorial Park (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Old Washington Cemetery (approx. 0.2 miles away); World War Veterans Bridge (approx. 0.2 miles away); 104mm German Cannon (approx. 0.3 miles away); Veterans Bicentennial Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Washington Court House.
 
Additional keywords. William McKinley
 
Categories. Arts, Letters, MusicCivil RightsPolitics
 
Fayette County Court House Marker image. Click for full size.
By Rev. Ronald Irick, July 28, 2017
4. Fayette County Court House Marker
Marker can be seen at a distance, with the Court House behind
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 31, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 29, 2017, by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. This page has been viewed 37 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 29, 2017, by Rev. Ronald Irick of West Liberty, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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