Longdale Furnace in Alleghany County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Alleghany Iron for the Confederacy
The outbreak of the Civil War cut off trade with Northern iron manufacturers and forced the Confederacy to rely more than usual on Southern suppliers. To ensure a reliable stream of raw materials, Confederate Gen. Joseph R. Anderson, who owned the Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond, purchased several ironworks, including Australia Furnace (April 1862). The workers used a steam engine to preheat the air and to operate the bellows. The engine gave Australia Furnace an advantage over other furnaces that relied solely on water power, which might not be available during winter or dry summers.
At the Tredegar works, Anderson employed
For visitor information please contact the Alleghany Highlands Chamber of Commerce & Tourism at 540-962-2178 or visit our website at www.visitalleghanyhighlands.com. The Visitors Center is located at 110 Mall Road, Covington, VA.
Blast furnace cross-section: bridge and charging hole at the top of the stack; bosh ﬁlled with charcoal, ore, and limestone; bellows that introduced the hot air blast; and the crucible where the iron pooled and then flowed into long channels (sows) with many shorter ones (pigs) – Courtesy Washington and Lee University
Gen. Joseph R. Anderson Courtesy Library of Congress
Tredegar Iron Works, Richmond, Virginia, April 1865 Courtesy Library of Congress
Tredegar Iron Works- owned forges, furnaces, and coal mines during the Civil War.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Appalachian Iron Furnaces, and the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 37° 48.62′ N, 79° 40.814′ W. Marker is in Longdale Furnace, Virginia, in Alleghany County. Marker is at the intersection of Longdale Furnace Road (Virginia Route 269) and Collierstown Road (Virginia Route 770), on the right when traveling west on Longdale Furnace Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6209 Longdale Furnace Rd, Clifton Forge VA 24422, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Lucy Selina Furnace (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Lucy Selina Furnace (approx. 0.3 miles away); Alleghany County / Rockbridge County (approx. 5.2 miles away); Douthat State Park (approx. 6.3 miles away); Captain James Hall (approx. 7.6 miles away); Oxford Church (approx. 7.9 miles away); Masonic Theatre (approx. 7.9 miles away); C&O Railroad Shops (approx. 8.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Longdale Furnace.
Also see . . .
1. Alleghany Highlands of Virginia. Alleghany Highlands Chamber of Commerce & Tourism (Submitted on September 5, 2017.)
2. Longdale Mining Complex. Washington & Lee University (Submitted on September 5, 2017.)
3. Longdale Furnace Historic District (pdf file). National Register of Historic Places (Submitted on September 5, 2017.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on September 5, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 5, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 75 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 5, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.