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Jackson in Jackson County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Jackson

Morgan's Raiders: “The Scum of the South”

 

—John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail —

 
Jackson Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 9, 2017
1. Jackson Marker
Inscription. The advanced guard of Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan's Confederate raiders arrived in Jackson about 9:30 pm on July 16, 1863, and found a tree barricade near the Isham House on Main Street defended by old men and boys. Local militia forces were busy guarding Portsmouth to prevent a possible Confederate crossing. As soon as the advance guard of raiders arrived the defenders scattered.

Morgan's main force arrived a half-hour later. The defenders were rounded up, marched to the fairgrounds, and kept under guard through the night. Some raiders ransacked the town while others rested. During the night, the raiders burned the depot and other valuable railroad facilities including two bridges.

The next morning, Morgan visited the office of the Jackson Standard. When he read an editorial that referred to him and his men as "the scum of the South," the troops located the printing room on the third floor, threw the type boxes out a window, and smashed the press itself with a pick axe.

The raiders began to leave Jackson about noon on July 17. Morgan's forces split, as Colonel Basil Duke's column moved northeast through Jamestown toward Berlin Crossroads, while Colonel Adam Johnson and his men moved southeast toward Vinton in Gallia County. All were heading toward Middleport in Meigs
Jackson Marker near Jackson County Courthouse. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 9, 2017
2. Jackson Marker near Jackson County Courthouse.
County on the Ohio River.

The Search for a Crossing
By mid-July 1863, Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan had made it around several obstacles, the largest being the Union garrison at Cincinnati, Ohio, commanded by Union Major General Ambrose Burnside. A scouting party led by Morgan's brother, Colonel Richard Morgan, was sent to Ripley, Ohio, in search of an Ohio River crossing, but after discovering a fortified guard at Ripley, they returned to the main column.

Morgan and his raiders also faced increased local delaying tactics, such as felled trees across the main roads and the strategic burning of bridges to slow their advance and aid the Union pursuit. Morgan continued across southern Ohio seeking another river crossing He could not have predicted he was heading for a showdown.

[Photo captions]
Top left: Confederates ransacked numerous stores in Jackson and destroyed the office of the Republican newspaper, the Jackson Standard. When Union forces arrived several hours later, they retaliated by attacking the newspaper office of the Jackson Express, owned and edited by a "Peace" Democrat.
Bottom left: Brigadier General Edward H. Hobson, a Kentucky banker-turned-soldier, led the Union mounted troops chasing Morgan's Raiders. After rebuilding the canal bridge at Jasper,
View west on Main Street. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 9, 2017
3. View west on Main Street.
Building next to marker is called the Round House Museum. The octagonal building was built in 1887, and the first floor was used for a scale house and the second floor for a bandstand. In the 1920's, the first floor became a hotdog stand and in 1937 it became a full restaurant, still with hotdogs being a popular item. The restaurant closed somewhere around 1950.
Hobson's men headed for Jackson, where they encamped on the night of July 17. They were back in the saddle by 3 am.


Text: Edd Sharp & David L. Mowery
Illustrations: Bev Kirk

 
Erected 2013 by the Ohio Department of Transportation, the Ohio History Connection, and the Ohio Civil War Trail Commission. (Marker Number 17.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail in Ohio marker series.
 
Location. 39° 3.154′ N, 82° 38.252′ W. Marker is in Jackson, Ohio, in Jackson County. Marker is on East Main Street (Ohio Route 93) west of Broadway Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located just to west of the Jackson County Courthouse. Marker is at or near this postal address: 200 East Main Street, Jackson OH 45640, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Scioto Salt Licks (a few steps from this marker); John Wesley Powell / Morgan's Raid in Jackson, 1863 (within shouting distance of this marker); Trails / The Kanawha Trail (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); James Cemetery / Major John James (approx. 0.6 miles away); Berlin Heights Battlefield (approx. 5.7 miles away); Berlin Crossroads (approx. 5.7 miles away); Leo Petroglyph (approx. 7.1 miles away); Hanging Rock Region (approx. 9.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Jackson.
 
Categories. Bridges & ViaductsWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 13, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 13, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 65 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 13, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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