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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Wellston in Jackson County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Berlin Crossroads

Trouble at the Crossroads

 

—John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail —

 
Berlin Crossroads Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 9, 2017
1. Berlin Crossroads Marker
Inscription. As Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan's Confederate raiders left Jackson on Friday, July 17, 1863, they were in good spirits and singing songs. Although they had burned a mill near Berlin Crossroads, a small town located on the Marietta and Cincinnati Railroad, they soon received reports of a large Union force on the heights above this small town.

The force consisted of 1,500 raw and untrained Ross County militiamen, commanded by Union Colonel Ben P. Runkle. They had hurried down from Chillicothe to intercept Morgan, killing a few of the raiders as they approached the crossroads. Morgan brought up his artillery and fired several shots at the militia. After multiple charges by the raiders, the Union force broke and retreated over the hill seeking cover.

Runkle and his men held up Morgan's main column for more than three hours, a delaying action that provided precious time to the pursuing Union cavalry. Around 2 pm, Morgan headed his forces east.

[Photo captions]
Top left: The "undrilled" militia force from Ross County found it difficult to hold their position and, in the words of their commander, "impossible to take the offensive" against their experienced Confederate opponents at Berlin Crossroads.
Bottom left: Battle of Berlin Heights
(1) Union recruits totaling 1,500
View of markers with Berlin Crossroads in background. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 9, 2017
2. View of markers with Berlin Crossroads in background.
under Colonel Benjamin Runkle arrive from Chillicothe during the early morning hours of July 17, 1863, and are in position by 5 am; (2) At 11 am, Confederate Kentucky First Brigade under Colonel Basil Duke arrive with General Morgan accompanying (3) Two Confederate scouts sent into Berlin are shot; (4) Confederate Parrot gun battery shells Union position for nearly an hour; (5) Union troops retreat; (6) Confederate attack at noon; (7) Union withdrawal by 2 pm.


Text: Edd Sharp
Illustration: Bev Kirk

 
Erected 2013 by the Ohio Department of Transportation, the Ohio History Connection, and the Ohio Civil War Trail Commission. (Marker Number 18.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail in Ohio marker series.
 
Location. 39° 4.849′ N, 82° 32.292′ W. Marker is near Wellston, Ohio, in Jackson County. Marker is on Ohio Route 327 north of Ohio Route 124, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6791 OH-327, Wellston OH 45692, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Berlin Heights Battlefield (here, next to this marker); Hanging Rock Region
Berlin Heights Battlefield marker next to Berlin Crossroads marker. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 9, 2017
3. Berlin Heights Battlefield marker next to Berlin Crossroads marker.
The newly formed Berlin X-Roads Battlefield Preservation Association placed this marker nearby, a couple of years ago. The association is working to have the battlefield placed on the National Register of Historic Places.
(approx. 4.6 miles away); Buckeye Furnace (approx. 4.6 miles away); Scales (approx. 4.7 miles away); Stock Shed (approx. 4.7 miles away); Stockyard (approx. 4.7 miles away); James Cemetery / Major John James (approx. 5.1 miles away); John Wesley Powell / Morgan's Raid in Jackson, 1863 (approx. 5.7 miles away).
 
Also see . . .  Video of the Battle of Berlin Heights, Berlin Cross Roads. (YouTube). (Submitted on September 13, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Railroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 13, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 13, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 69 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 13, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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