Capitol Hill in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Washington Navy Yard: Serving the Fleet
Tour of Duty
—Barracks Row Heritage Trail —
In front of you is the main gate of the Washington Navy Yard, established in 1799. It is the U.S. Navy's oldest shore facility in continuous use. Over time, workers here have built and repaired ships and their fittings, designed and developed ordnance (weapons and ammunition), and provided administrative support for the fleet.
Although city designer Pierre L'Enfant planned a commercial center for the site, its access to water and nearby timber made it a natural for ship building. The original gate, now topped by an 1878 addition, was designed in 1805 by architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe, the second architect of the U.S. Capitol.
The Navy Yard was nearly destroyed during the War of 1812. As British troops advanced on the city, the yard's commandant, Captain Thomas Tingey, ordered workers to set fire to buildings to keep them from the enemy. They spared only the Commandant's House, officers' quarters and the main gate. The Navy Yard was quickly rebuilt after the British withdrew.
The 22 vessels built here from 1806 until 18-1854 ranged from small 70-foot gunboats to the 246-foot steam frigate Minnesota. During this period, workers also repaired hundreds of ships and manufactured equipment, including anchors and chain cables. Engineers experimented with steam-powered warships.
When celebrated composer John Philip Sousa walked these streets, people called this Capitol Hill neighborhood “Navy Yard.” While the Navy Yard is no longer the area’s major employer, the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps still anchor this pleasant residential community and its vibrant commercial center on Eighth Street, SE, now known as Barracks Row. The 16 signs that mark this walking trail describe temporary sojourners as well as families who have lived here for many generations. From Michael Shiner an African American laborer working at the Navy Yard, to John Dahlgren, a weapons pioneer and confidant of President Abraham Lincoln, their experiences have given the community its distinctive character. Follow this trail to the places that tell these stories and much, much more.
Tour of Duty: Barracks Row Heritage Trail, a booklet of the trail’s highlights, is available at businesses along the way. Visit www.CulturalTourismDC.org
List of contributors and sponsors to the Barracks Row Heritage Trail.
Caption: USS Constellation, one of the Navy’s first frigates, often docked at the Navy Yard for repairs in the early 1800s.
Naval Historical Center
Erected by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 9 of 16.)
Location. 38° 52.616′ N, 76° 59.705′ W. Marker is in Capitol Hill, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is on 8th Street, SE 0 miles north of M Street, SE, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Washington Navy Yard DC 20374, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Washington Navy Yard: Maker of Weapons (a few steps from this marker); William Prout: Community Builder (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Latrobe Gate - Tingey House (about 400 feet away); The Washington Navy Yard (about 400 feet away); Leutze Park Gun Collection (about 500 feet away); Optical Tower - Second Officers House (about 600 feet away); Second Officer's House (about 600 feet away); The Center for Naval History - The Navy Museum (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Capitol Hill.
More about this marker.
Shad fishermen on the Anacostia in 1861, with the ships and docks of the Navy Yard in the background.
Captain Thomas Tingey, the Navy Yard's first commandant, served for 30 days. His house, built in 1804, still stands inside the Navy Yard.
Rear Admiral David Taylor, a pioneer of ship design, created the Experimental Model Basin in 1898 to test models of innovative ship hulls.
Michael Shiner worked as both a slave and a freeman in the Navy Yard for 52 years. When he wrote this description of the British Army's advance on Washington, spelling was not yet standardize. Today his words would read: "...as soon as we got sight of the British army raising that hill, they looked like red flames of fire - all red coats and the stocks of their guns painted vermillion - and iron work shimmered like a Spanish dollar."
Between 1911 and 1917, the Navy Yard's experiments in its wind tunnel and with catapults helped develop the Navy's capacity to launch airplanes from warships.
In 1927, thousands of Washingtonians mobbed the Navy Yard, the city's ceremonial gateway, to welcome Charles Lindbergh home from his pioneering solo transatlantic flight.
Categories. • African Americans • Industry & Commerce • War of 1812 • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on December 1, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 27, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,089 times since then and 4 times this year. Last updated on August 29, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1. submitted on August 27, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 2, 3. submitted on October 30, 2016, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. 4. submitted on August 29, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.