Portland in Meigs County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Battle of Buﬃngton Island
Union Troops Withdraw
In the early morning of July 19, Union Brigadier General Henry Judah's forces, dispatched the day before from Pomeroy, surprised both themselves and the raiders by virtually running right into Confederates hidden by the morning's dense fog. Rather than attempt to cross the Buffington Island ford at night, Morgan had decided to rest his troops in a nearby valley.
Startled, Morgan's men quickly fired upon the blue-clad soldiers. Judah's forces had little room to maneuver in the narrow valley where they met the raiders and soon came under heavy fire. Barely able to defend themselves, Judah's troops were forced to retreat. Meanwhile, Union General Hobson's reinforcements, led by Colonel August Kautz, were on their way to attack from the west, and Union gunboats were traveling up the Buffington Island channel to protect the ford.
Rutherford B. Hayes and William McKinley, 19th and 25th presidents of the United States, respectively, both served in the 23rd Ohio Infantry. In 1863, Hayes commanded a brigade, which included the 23rd Ohio, in Brigadier General Eliakim Scammon's division stationed in West Virginia. Hayes' troops were among those placed on steamboats and rushed to the area to prevent Morgan's escape.
Top left: Daniel McCook - Major Daniel McCook died after the initial skirmish. He was father of the famous "Fighting McCooks," a family of staunch Union supporters which sent twelve men to the battlefields.
Bottom left: Just as the Confederates were preparing to make their way to the ford, they were surprised by the arrival of Judah's troops from the south.
Top right portraits: Rutherford B. Hayes - William McKinley
Erected by the Ohio Historical Society.
Location. 39° 0.137′ N, 81° 46.447′ W. Marker is in Portland, Ohio, in Meigs County. Marker can be reached from Ohio River Scenic Byway (Ohio Route 124) south of New Portland Road, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located within the Buffington Island Battlefield Memorial Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 56998 OH-124, Portland OH 45770, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Buffington Island (here, next to this marker); Confusion and Panic (here, next to this marker); Attack from the West (here, next to this marker); Modern Day Buffington Island (here, next to this marker); Capture in Columbiana County Path of Destruction and Damage (here, next to this marker); Escape from the Ohio Penitentiary (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Buffington Island (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Portland.
Categories. • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on September 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 16, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 82 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 16, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.