Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Yorktown in York County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Redoubt 9

1781 Siege of Yorktown

 

—Colonial National Historical Park —

 
Redoubt 9 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
1. Redoubt 9 Marker
Inscription.
“ … once we were inside the redoubt. People of four nations were thrown together: Frenchmen, English, Scots, and Germans ….”
Private Georg Flohr, Royal Deux-Ponts Regiment

“ … a trait which characterized the French grenadiers …. They … charged like lions, and lost one-third of their men.”
Comte de Rochambeau


On October 14, 1781, Baron Antoine de Vioménil had overall command of the French attack on Redoubt 9, which was defended by approximately 120 British and German forces. Vioménil selected Colonel en Second Guillaume de Forbach des Deux-Ponts (also known as Wilhelm von Forbach) to lead the 400 man assault that was comprised of troops from the Gâtinais and Royal Deux-Ponts Regiments. The later regiment was also known as “Das Deutsche Königlich Französische Infantrie Regiment von Zweibrücken” (The German Royal French Infantry Regiment from Zweibrücken).

The French approach was delayed as engineering troops took heavy casualties while clearing obstructions protecting the British perimeter. The difficulties of the assault were compounded by darkness, close quarters combat, German forces on both sides wearing similiar uniforms, and the confusion of German commanders coming from both attackers and defenders. Within 30 minutes, however, Vioménil congratulated
Marker on the Yorktown Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
2. Marker on the Yorktown Battlefield
Deux-Ponts on capturing the redoubt.

The last obstruction to the Allies completing their Second Siege Line had fallen.
 
Erected by Colonial National Historical Park, National Park Service.
 
Location. 37° 13.661′ N, 76° 29.878′ W. Marker is in Yorktown, Virginia, in York County. Marker can be reached from Ballard Street (Virginia Route 238), on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located on the Yorktown Battlefield in Colonial National Historical Park, at stop D on the Battlefield Tour. Marker is in this post office area: Yorktown VA 23690, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Grand American Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); The Second Siege Line (within shouting distance of this marker); Redoubts 9 and 10 (within shouting distance of this marker); French Soldiers and Sailors (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Communicating Trench (about 400 feet away); Time, Tide and Erosion (about 500 feet away); Capture of Redoubt No. 10 (about 600 feet away); Redoubt 10 (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Yorktown.
 
More about this marker. The marker contains illustrations of four different uniformed soldiers
Redoubt 9 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
3. Redoubt 9
This redoubt was taken by French troops on the night of October 14, 1781. It was then incorporated into the Second Allied Siege Line.
who took part in the battle for Redoubt 9. They include “Deux-Ponts Regiments – The only German speaking regiment to serve in the French army at Yorktown, the regiment was from the Duchy of Zweibrücken (now Germany). Courtesy of the Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University Library, Gâtinais Regiment - This French unit, along with two others, came with the French fleet from the Caribbean. Images Courtesy of the Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University Library, Von Bose Regiment - This unit from the principality of Hesse-Cassel served as part of the German auxiliary forces with the British army. This and another German unit, the Prince Hereditaire, participated in the defense of the redoubts. Courtesy of the Anne S.K. Brown Military Collection, Brown University Library and 71st Regiment of Foot - Known as Fraser’s Highlanders, troops from the 71st Regiments, along with detachments from the 33rd, 43rd and 80th regiments made up part of the British force defending the redoubts. Courtesy of Don Troiani Collection
 
Also see . . .
1. Yorktown Battlefield. National Park Service. (Submitted on August 29, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. The Battle of Yorktown. The Patriot Resource website. (Submitted on August 29, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Mortar Inside Redoubt 9 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 12, 2008
4. Mortar Inside Redoubt 9
Mortars were part of the heavy artillery used in Redoubt 9 during the 1781 Siege of Yorktown.
 

3. The Battle of Yorktown 1781. A British perspective of the Battle of Yorktown from BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on August 29, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. Notable EventsNotable PlacesWar, US Revolutionary
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 29, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 998 times since then and 59 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 29, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.
Paid Advertisement