Corvallis in Benton County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
Oregon State University
National Historic District
In 1885, citizens of Benton County incorporated a State Agricultural College Association for the purpose of raising funds for a new college building. By August 17, 1887, the cornerstone for the new building was laid on "College Hill," part of the original college farm. The building was completed in 1888, and in 1889, the college moved from its building in downtown Corvallis to its new, three story brick home just west of downtown. In the same year, additional lands for agricultural purposes were purchased west of the original 35 acres.
Between 1907 and 1909, three events occurred that shaped the future development of the campus. In the spring of 1907, William Jasper Kerr was selected as the college's president. Later in 1907, Portland architect John Bennes was selected to design the Mechanic Arts building, the first of nearly
Almost all of the buildings constructed during Kerr's tenure were designed by John Bennes, a Portland architect. Bennes designed a variety of buildings, including the armory, many classroom and laboratory buildings, residence halls, gymnasiums, the library, six barns, and a memorial gate. Although each was unique, many of Bennes' building designs had similarities that created a unity on campus. This is attributable to the considerable influence of John Olmsted's 1909 campus plan recommendations, particularly his call for "architectural harmony." Olmsted was invited by Kerr to come to Corvallis, review the campus, and make recommendations for its development. Olmsted visited in June 1909 and produced a 60-page narrative report dated October 1. Many of Olmsted's recommendations were adopted, which laid the foundation for the long-range development of the campus. Olmsted's plan served OAC well for the next fifteen years. In November of 1924, however, President Kerr met with associates of another renowned planner, A.D. Taylor of Cleveland, Ohio: Taylor made an on-site visit in December 1925 and submitted his plan in January
A.D. Taylor developed two campus development plans, in 1926 and 1945, shortly after the end of World War II. The plan proposed to expand the campus to the west and south, and also proposed repetition of equally spaced trees lining nearly every street. Over the next 60 years, the growth of the campus generally respected the basic layout and circulation of A.D. Taylor's 1945 plan.
Since 1945, the framework established by visionary stewards of the past continues to influence the future direction for Oregon State University's physical development. The approval of the OSU National Historic District by the National Register of Historic Places affirms its significance to the OSU community, the City of Corvallis, the State of Oregon and the Nation.
Erected by Oregon State University.
Location. 44° 33.883′ N, 123° 16.446′ W. Marker is in Corvallis, Oregon, in Benton County. Marker is at the intersection of SW Jefferson Way and SW 15th Street, on the right when traveling west on SW Jefferson Way. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Corvallis OR 97331, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Benton County Courthouse (approx. 0.6 miles away); Site of the Earliest Boat Landing Sustainable Farm Management (approx. 1.3 miles away); Ecology of the Agricultural Reach (approx. 1.3 miles away); Oak Creeks Watershed (approx. 1.3 miles away).
Also see . . . Oregon State University. (Submitted on September 17, 2017.)
Categories. • Agriculture • Architecture • Education •
Credits. This page was last revised on September 17, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 17, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 64 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on September 17, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.