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Decatur in Wise County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Wise County C.S.A.

 
 
Wise County CSA Marker image. Click for full size.
By James R. Murray, September 19, 2017
1. Wise County CSA Marker
Marker is very hard to read.
Inscription. County named for Henry A. Wise, U.S. Senator from Virginia who supported Texas annexation, later Governor and C.S.A. general. Wise County was part of District One of 33 brigade districts of Texas established to recruit men for Confederate and state service in 1861. The headquarters at Decatur became a military post with an arsenal of supplies set up in the Old Howell and Allen Store. Although the county voted against secession, men joined a military company so early that neither state nor Confederacy had any plans to take over the troops. During the war four more companies were raised. These men served on the Texas frontier and
(see other side)

in fighting to the east. With almost all the male population drawn into service, Decatur became a refugee camp where settlers stayed for protection from Indians. In 1862 a "Peace Party Plot" aimed at revolt against the Texas Confederate government was discovered. Fifty persons were brought to trial in the arsenal. Five were found guilty and hanged. In 1863 Decatur was headquarters for 1st District of state militia. This was the second line of defense for the frontier which backed up the line of old U.S. posts located 105 miles to the west. 70 miles west were the frontier regiment outposts from the Red River to the Rio Grande. These militiamen served to protect this part of the frontier yet were able to work their farms. Late in the war, deserters came through the county. In April 1865, men from Wise and Cooke counties captured nearly 100 on their way to New Mexico.
 
Erected 1963 by State of Texas. (Marker Number 5877.)
 
Location. 33° 14.054′ N, 97° 35.216′ W. Marker is in Decatur, Texas, in Wise County. Marker is at the intersection of West Main Street and North State Street, on the right when traveling west on West Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is located on the grounds of the Wise County Courthouse. It is of red granite, and is very hard to read. Marker is in this post office area: Decatur TX 76234, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Wise County War Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Charles Vernon Terrell (within shouting distance of this marker); Randolph Vesey (within shouting distance of this marker); Captain George W. Stevens (within shouting distance of this marker); Colonel Absalom Bishop (within shouting distance of this marker); Wise County Messenger (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Old Stone Prison (about 500 feet away); First National Bank of Decatur (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Decatur.
 
Categories. Settlements & SettlersWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 20, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 20, 2017, by James R. Murray of Elkton, Florida. This page has been viewed 82 times since then. Photo   1. submitted on September 20, 2017, by James R. Murray of Elkton, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. A readable, close-up photo of the marker. • A wide view photo of the marker and the surrounding area in context. • Can you help?
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