Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Evolution of Fort McHenry
During the Civil War, the lawn in front of you was the site of a detention center for Confederate prisoners-of-war. In the next century, as World War I came to an end, the fort property was transformed into a huge hospital complex to care for soldiers returning from duty overseas.
Fort McHenry became a National Park in 1925 and in 1939 became a National Monument and Historic Shrine. Today the National Park Service preserves and interprets historic structures that remain.
Erected by National Park Service.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland, Fort McHenry marker series.
Location. 39° 15.848′ N, 76° 34.769′ W. Marker is in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker can be reached from E Fort Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Marker is on grounds Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Baltimore MD 21230, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Preservation of Earthworks (a few steps from this marker); Allegiance by Force (within shouting distance of this marker); Remember 1814 (within shouting distance of this marker); O'er the Ramparts We Watch! (within shouting distance of this marker); Armistead (within shouting distance of this marker); The Ravelin (within shouting distance of this marker); A Star Spangled Centennial (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort McHenry (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Baltimore.
More about this marker. The upper left of the marker contains an engraving of Fort McHenry during the Civil War. It has a caption of “The Union Army utilized Fort McHenry for a variety of purposes during the Civil War. This 1864 engraving shows some of the buildings outside the star fort that were used for barracks and prisoners’ quarters. Note that the entrance gate shown here is in the same location as the one existing today.”
The bottom left of the marker features of a gun crew manning one of the large Rodman cannons. The caption reads “The cannon mounted around the fort were not here when ‘The Star-Spangled Banner’ was written in 1814. They date to the post-Civil War period. None were fired in battle, although some were kept operational as late as the early 1900’s.”
A picture of how Fort McHenry looked when it served as a hospital facility is at the bottom right of the marker. The caption beside it says, “You are now near the center of what used to be U.S. Army General Hospital No. 2. More than 100 buildings stood here, many of them masonry structures. Care was taken not to damage the historic star fort during the construction and subsequent demolition of the hospital.”
Above this map is a photograph of “Soldiers recuperating in a typical concrete block ward of General Hospital No. 2, Fort McHenry, in February 1919.”
Also see . . .
1. Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine. National Park Service. (Submitted on August 30, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
2. Battle of Baltimore. HistoryCentral.com. (Submitted on August 30, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War of 1812 • War, US Civil • War, World I •
More. Search the internet for Evolution of Fort McHenry.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 30, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,872 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on August 30, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 2. submitted on August 24, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 3, 4. submitted on August 30, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.