Near Waimea in Hawaii County, Hawaii — Hawaiian Island Archipelago (Pacific Ocean)
Camp Tarawa 1943-1945
trained here to bring peace
to the Pacific
This monument honors the V Amphibious Corps (VAC), and the late Richard Smart, owner of the Parker Ranch during World War II. It also honors the residents of Kamuela and the Big Island of Hawaii, host to Soldiers, Sailors, and more than 50,000 U.S. Marines over the duration of the war years. During the months of August and September of 1943, the VAC was organized in California, and then Hawaii, to prepare for joint Army, Navy, and Marine Corps amphibious campaigns in the Pacific. By this time, plans were underway to build on Parker Ranch what was to become the largest Marine training facility in the Pacific. It would include extensive training areas, a tent city, and a dam (with reservoirs) above Kamuela. This camp, later known as Camp Tarawa, was built with the assistance of U.S. Engineers, Navy Seabees, Marines and local residents. The public school and local hotel served as an Army hospital. Residents welcomed military personnel into their homes and supported them through Red Cross and USO activities.
Following the successful invasion of Tarawa, the first components of VAC, the 2d
Parker Ranch and the residents of the Big Island of Hawaii contributed immeasurably to victory and peace in the Pacific. Camp Tarawa was dismantled in 1946 and 1947.
This stone honors the heroic Marines and Sailors of the 2d Marine Division, who endured the pioneering amphibious assault on Betio in the Tarawa Atoll, November 20-23, 1943. Tarawa was a savage and bloody battle that tested and shaped amphibious doctrine - doctrine that would ultimately bring victory and peace in the Pacific. Following their success at Tarawa, the Division traveled to a unfinished camp located at Parker Ranch. While refitting and recuperating, the 2d Marine Division completed work on the camp. It was later
This stone honors the heroic Marines and Sailors of the 5th Marine Division, who trained at Camp Tarawa in preparation for the February 19, 1945 assault on the island of Iwo Jima. They arrived at the camp throughout the summer and fall of 1944. The division conducted rehearsals for the assault using the steep volcanic hills located on Parker Ranch, which simulated Iwo Jima's most significant military feature - Mt. Suribachi. By January 1945, the 5th Marine Division had departed Camp Tarawa for Iwo Jima. The defining moment of that historic 36-day battle occurred February 23rd, when "Old Glory" was raised atop Mt. Suribachi by men of the 28th Regiment. The flag raising was immortalized by Joe Rosenthal's photograph, and later by Felix DeWeldon's Marine Corp War Memorial
Location. 20° 0.785′ N, 155° 40.551′ W. Marker is near Waimea, Hawaii, in Hawaii County. Marker is at the intersection of Mamalahoa Highway (Hawaii Route 190) and Pu'uopelu Road, on the right when traveling west on Mamalahoa Highway. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Kamuela HI 96743, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 15 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Hawaiian Cowboys (approx. ¾ mile away); Pu'ukohola Heiau National Historic Site (approx. 9½ miles away); Pu'ukohola Heiau (approx. 9.6 miles away); Puakō Petroglyph Archaeological District (approx. 12.6 miles away); The Waikoloa Petroglyph Field (approx. 14.8 miles away).
Also see . . . The Big Island Goes to War: Camp Tarawa 1943-1945 -- Clark Realty Corp. For rent of $1 per year, Parker Ranch had leased to the U.S. Government 40,000 acres of ranch property for what would become the largest Marine Corps training camp in the (Submitted on October 11, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, World II •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 12, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 11, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 80 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on October 11, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. 7, 8. submitted on October 12, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.