“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
La Grange in Fayette County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1867

Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1867 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Gregory Walker, October 9, 2017
1. Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1867 Marker
Inscription. From the time of the first European settlers in Texas, yellow fever was a serious concern. Transmitted through mosquitoes, epidemics in the summer months were prevalent in coastal cities all over North America in the nineteenth century. At the time, the cause was unknown with no effective treatment. Symptoms rapidly progressed from fever and pains in the extremities to vomiting to jaundice to death. The mortality rate varied during outbreaks from thirty to eighty percent of those infected. Between 1839 and 1867, at least nine yellow fever epidemics in Galveston resulted in a large number of deaths.

When yellow fever struck La Grange in August 1867, many citizens left town hoping to avoid the disease. Within a few weeks, as homes with "yellow jack" were quarantined and businesses closed, La Grange appeared deserted. In some cases, entire families were lost as caregivers fell ill after tending the sick. Indiscriminate to age, race or class, the disease struck the wealthy and prominent as well as the poor. Several doctors, the district judge, the sheriff, and both the district and county clerks were among its casualties. While yellow fever affected many communities, its toll on La Grange was catastrophic with fatalities estimated at over 200, fifteen to twenty percent of the total population. Evidence of the epidemic may be seen
Location of Yellow Fever Marker image. Click for full size.
By Gregory Walker, October 9, 2017
2. Location of Yellow Fever Marker
in the Old La Grange City Cemetery where a large number of gravestones show deaths from August through October 1867. However, the outbreak was so overwhelming that many victims lie unidentified in mass graves in the northeastern corner of the cemetery. These victims remind us of the once-devastating disease and its effect on early citizens.
Erected 2016 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 18523.)
Location. 29° 54.672′ N, 96° 52.078′ W. Marker is in La Grange, Texas, in Fayette County. Marker is on East Colorado Street east of North College Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located on north side of Old La Grange Cemetery. Marker is in this post office area: La Grange TX 78945, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fayette County, C.S.A. (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Old City Cemetery (about 400 feet away); Bradshaw-Killough House (approx. half a mile away); City Library Building (approx. 0.6 miles away); The First U.S. Postal Rural Mail Route in Texas (approx. 0.6 miles away); The Dawson Expedition / Historic Oak Tree (approx. mile away); The Dawson Memorial (approx. mile away); Fayette County Courthouse (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in La Grange.
Categories. Cemeteries & Burial SitesDisasters
Credits. This page was last revised on October 18, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 17, 2017, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas. This page has been viewed 132 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 17, 2017, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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