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Mineral de Pozos in Municipality of San Luis de la Paz, Guanajuato, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

The Model School

Antigua Escuela Modelo

 
 
The Model School Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, September 30, 2017
1. The Model School Marker
Inscription.
Antigua Escuela Modelo
Las Escuelas Modelo eran una propuesta innovadora que incluía la construcción de edificios y su equipamiento, de tal forma que facilitaran la aplicación de las nuevas propuestas pedagógicas promovidas por el Porfiriato. El ideal de la educación Porfirista estaba basado en Ia uniformidad en el método de enseñanza positivista. El programa educativo hacía hincapié en que los alumnos debían aprender algún oficio, además del programa general de enseñanza, con el objetivo de hacerlos más diestros y ayudarles en un futuro a ganarse la vida.

Las materias que formaban el programa general de enseñanza eran: Instrucción moral y cívica, Lengua nacional, Lecciones de cosas, Aritmética, Ciencias físicas y naturales, Geografía, Geometría, Historia, Canto, Dibujo, Gimnasia y labores manuales para niñas.

En Mineral de Pozos (Ciudad Porfirio Díaz) se construyó una de las Escuelas Modelo más grandes del país, dicha obra fue financiada por el municipio, con un costo superior a los $25,054.18, la construcción duró cuatro años y estuvo a cargo del Arq. Luis Long, durante el mandato del entonces C. Gobernador Constitucional Lic. Joaquín Obregón González.

Este inmueble constaba de dos departamentos: uno para niños y otro para niñas, de ahí su estructura en forma de "E", la cual estaba
The Model School Marker reverse with English text. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, September 30, 2017
2. The Model School Marker reverse with English text.
conformada por dos patios separados por un bloque central que presumiblemente estaba destinado a las oficinas académicas.

En la construcción de esta Escuela Modelo, quedó plasmado en su diseño las tipologías arquitectónicas propias de la época, que caracterizaron al inmueble con elementos de los órdenes clásicos, como lo son:
- Comisas y frisos con dentículos
- Pilastras con capitel corintio, fuste liso y base, pedestal y zócalo
- Uso de frontón triangular en acceso
- Vanos de puertas y ventanas en proporción 1 a 2
- Marcos de cantera en puertas y ventanas con cerramientos de madera
- Aplanados lisos

English:
Antigua Escuela Modelo
The “Escuelas Modelo” were an innovative prorosal that included the construction of buildings and their equipment, in such way that they would facilitate the application of the new pedagogical proposals promoted by the Porfiriato.

The ideal of "Porfirista" education was based on the uniformity of the positivist learn teaching method. The educational program emphasized that students should learn a skill, in addition to the general program of education, with the objective of making them more skillful and help them to make a living in the future.

The subjects that formed the general program of education were: Moral and civic instruction, National language,
The Model School and Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, September 30, 2017
3. The Model School and Marker
A remaining portion of the Model School is behind the marker in this view.
Lessons of things, Arithmetic, Physics and natural sciences, Geography, Geometry, History, Singing Classes, Drawing, Gymnastics and manual work for girls.

One of the largest Escuelas Modelo in the country was built in Mineral de Pozos (Porfirio Diaz City). The project was financed by the city Hall, costing more than $25,054.18. The construction lasted four years and was led by architect Luis Long, during the mandate of the then Constitutional Governor Lic. Joaquin Obregón González.

This building had two departments: one for boys and one for girls, therefore its “E” shaped structure, which consisted of two courtyards, separated by a midblock building presumably intended for academic offices.

In the construction of this Escuela Modelo, the architectural typologies typically of the time were distinguished in its design, which characterized the building with elements of the classical orders, such as:
- Cornices and friezes with denticles
- Pilasters with Corinthian chapiter, smooth shaft and base, pedestal and baseboard
- Use of triangular facade in access
- Window and door openings in ratio 1 to 2
- Quarry frames on doors and windows with wood enclosures
- Flat terraces
 
Location. 21° 13.443′ N, 100° 30.062′ W. Marker is in Mineral
The Model School of Mineral de Pozos image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, September 30, 2017
4. The Model School of Mineral de Pozos
de Pozos, Guanajuato, in Municipality of San Luis de la Paz. Marker is on Unnamed road just west of Calle Centenario, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mineral de Pozos, Guanajuato 37600, Mexico.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Aqueduct (within shouting distance of this marker); J. Encarnación Olguín and Juana Lucio (approx. 0.6 kilometers away).
 
Categories. EducationMan-Made Features
 
A Model School classroom, taken from the marker. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, September 30, 2017
5. A Model School classroom, taken from the marker.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 19, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 19, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 61 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on October 19, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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