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Enon in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The First Attacks on Petersburg

The Bermuda Hundred Campaign

 
 
The First Attacks on Petersburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, October 28, 2017
1. The First Attacks on Petersburg Marker
Inscription. "Petersburg at that hour was clearly at the mercy of the Federal Commander who had all but captured it"
Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard on the June 15th attack at Petersburg.

On June 9, 1864, as Grant prepared to shift his army from Cold Harbor, the 10th Corps commanded by Maj. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore crossed the Appomattox River on pontoon bridges here at Point of Rocks and began the first attacks on Petersburg. United States Colored Troops under the command of Gen. Edward W. Hinks attacked the outer line of defenses while the cavalry of Gen. August V. Kautz circled around the city to attack from the south. Petersburg at that time was protected by a line of heavy earthworks that were manned by only 2,500 troops. In “The Battle of Old Men and Young Boys” a handful of Confederate troops and local militia slowed the advance of the cavalry. This action and the formidable appearance of the “Dimmock Line" fronting Petersburg convinced Gillmore that the works were too strong to assault and he halted the attack.

On June 13 Grant began to move his army from Cold Harbor toward Petersburg. Robert E. Lee believed that Grant was still in his front and was slow to respond to reports of the movement. From June 15-18 additional attacks were made at Petersburg. By this time however, Lee
Routes of the first attacks on Petersburg image. Click for full size.
2. Routes of the first attacks on Petersburg
was aware of Grantís movement and had begun to rush reinforcements to Petersburg. U.S. Gen. George Meade observed that the attacks “lacked the vigor and force which had characterized our fighting in the Wilderness.”

From the beginning of Grant's Overland Campaign in May to the June attacks at Petersburg Federal forces had suffered over 60,000 casualties. The attempt to take Petersburg quickly was over. Ten months of siege warfare now lay ahead for both armies.

This sign was sponsored by Innomed Inc, Savannah, GA, Jim Anderson, CEO
 
Erected 2016 by Chesterfield County and the Blue & Gray Education Society.
 
Location. 37° 19.135′ N, 77° 20.233′ W. Marker is in Enon, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Enon Church Road (Virginia Route 746) and Point of Rocks Road, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is located in Historic Point of Rocks Park (under development). Marker is at or near this postal address: 1005 Enon Church Rd, Chester VA 23836, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Siege of Petersburg Begins (within shouting distance of this marker); Nurses at Point of Rocks Hospital
Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, 1864 July 23, p. 276. image. Click for full size.
By E.F. Mullins, July 23, 1864
3. Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, 1864 July 23, p. 276.
The war in Virginia - a regiment of the 18th Corps carrying a portion of Beauregard's line in front of Petersburg. Library of Congress LC-USZ62-111179
(about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Point of Rocks Hospital (about 300 feet away); United States Colored Troops in the Army of the James (about 300 feet away); African-Americans in the Confederate War Effort (about 300 feet away); Point of Rocks Hospital Ward (about 300 feet away); The Strachan House (about 400 feet away); The Appomattox River Raid, June 26-28, 1862 (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Enon.
 
Also see . . .  Bermuda Hundred Sign Campaign. Blue & Gray Education Society (Submitted on October 30, 2017.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The First Attacks on Petersburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, October 28, 2017
4. The First Attacks on Petersburg Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 30, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 68 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   2, 3. submitted on October 30, 2017.   4. submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.
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