Enon in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
United States Colored Troops in the Army of the James
The Bermuda Hundred Campaign
Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler was a strong proponent of the use of African-American troops and had more USCT regiments under his command than any other general. These USCT regiments were served by one of the hospital wards at Point of Rocks.
The USCT units in the Army of the James played a key role in the opening days of the Bermuda Hundred Campaign by seizing and holding strategic points on the James River at Wilson's Wharf, Fort Powhatan, and City Point. On May 24, 1864, the troops at Wilson's Wharf repulsed several attacks by Confederate cavalry.
The African-American troops under Butlerís command were among the first to assault the defenses of Petersburg on June 9 and June 15, and played a supporting role in the Battle of the Crater on July 30. In August of 1864, they were detailed to work on the Dutch Gap Canal while under fire from Confederate artillery.
The bloodiest day for the USCT regiments in the Army of the James occurred on September 29, 1864 at the Battle of New Market Heights. Fourteen black soldiers and two white officers were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions at New Market Heights.
The citation for corporal James Miles
“Having had his arm mutilated, making immediate amputation necessary, he loaded his piece with one hand and urged his men forward; this within 30 yards of the enemy's works.”
At a time when the abilities of African-American troops were widely questioned in the military establishment, these men proved beyond any doubt that they were as brave and hard fighting as any other combat unit.
This sign was sponsored by James W. Davis, Fredericksburg, VA
Erected 2016 by Chesterfield County and the Blue & Gray Education Society.
Location. 37° 19.083′ N, 77° 20.227′ W. Marker is in Enon, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Enon Church Road (Virginia Route 746) and Point of Rocks Road, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is located in Historic Point of Rocks Park (under development). Marker is at or near this postal address: 1005 Enon Church Rd, Chester VA 23836, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. African-Americans in the Confederate War Effort (here, next to this marker); Point of Rocks Hospital Ward (a few steps from this marker); The Siege of Petersburg Begins The First Attacks on Petersburg (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Abraham Lincoln at Point of Rocks (about 400 feet away); Broadway Landing (about 400 feet away); Appomattox River Overlook (about 400 feet away); Nurses at Point of Rocks Hospital (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Enon.
Also see . . . Bermuda Hundred Sign Campaign. Blue & Gray Education Society (Submitted on October 30, 2017.)
Categories. • African Americans • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on October 30, 2017. This page originally submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 93 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 30, 2017. 5. submitted on October 30, 2017, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.