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Vicksburg National Military Park in Warren County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

John E. Smith's Brigade; Assault, May 22, 1863.

Union Position Tablet

 
 
John E. Smith's Brigade; Assault, May 22, 1863. Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
1. John E. Smith's Brigade; Assault, May 22, 1863. Marker
Inscription. This brigade was ordered to assault the Confederate Third 
Louisiana redan on north side of Jackson Road. The 31st and 124th 
Illinois Regiments were deployed as sharpshooters. About 10 a.m. 
the 23D Indiana advanced by the flank, in quick time with 
fixed bayonets, followed by the 20th Illinois. The leading regiment 
advanced to within about 100 yards of the redan, filed right and 
marched in the new direction until its left cleared the road 
it found, in its front, a deep ravine covered with a heavy abatis 
and was ordered to retire by companies. The 20th Illinois advanced 
on the road close to the salient angle of the redan, turned 
obliquely to the left and found shelter on the slope of the 
ridge in front of the Confederate intrenchment. At 2 p. m. the 
45th Illinois, under command of Major Luther H. Cowen, advanced 
on the road, by the flank with fixed bayonets, supported by the 
20th Ohio of the second brigade, the leading regiment advanced 
close to the salient angle of the redan, filed obliquely to the 
left and found shelter on the slope of the ridge, immediately in 
rear of the 20th Illinois. Both regiments remained in the positions 
gained until the evening of the 23D, when they retired. Under 
orders, the 20th
John E. Smith's Brigade; Assault, May 22, 1863. marker at foot of the redan. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
2. John E. Smith's Brigade; Assault, May 22, 1863. marker at foot of the redan.
Ohio was not ordered forward. This tablet 
marks the place where Major Cowen was killed at the head of his 
regiment. Casualties: 20th Illinois, wounded 23: 31st Illinois, killed 
3, wounded 21, total 24, Capt. Horace l. Bowyer mortally wounded: 
45th Illinois, killed 1, wounded 19, missing 2, total 22, Major Luther 
H. Cowen killed; 124th Illinois, wounded 2: 23D Indiana, killed 3, wounded, total 10, Lieut. Christian C. Zulauf killed: aggregate, killed 7, wounded 72, missing 2, total 81.
 
Erected by National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 32° 21.52′ N, 90° 50.623′ W. Marker is in Vicksburg National Military Park, Mississippi, in Warren County. Marker can be reached from Old Jackson Road 0.2 miles west of Union Avenue. Touch for map. Located at the foot of the Third Louisiana Redan. Marker is in this post office area: Vicksburg MS 39183, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Mine Explosion (here, next to this marker); Blasting Their Way (a few steps from this marker); U.S. Logan's Approach. (within shouting distance of this marker); Affair of the Crater; June 25-26, 1863. (within shouting distance of this marker); C.S. Alabama Battery; (within shouting distance of this marker); Third Louisiana Redan, On Left of Jackson Road. (within shouting distance of this marker); C.S. Appeal (Arkansas) Battery; (within shouting distance of this marker); The End In Sight (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vicksburg National Military Park.
 
Regarding John E. Smith's Brigade; Assault, May 22, 1863.. An abitas refers to cutting down trees and dragging them into position with their branches sticking outward, so as to slow down a charging infantry force.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 7, 2017. This page originally submitted on November 7, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 33 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 7, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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