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Vicksburg National Military Park in Warren County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Affair of the Crater; June 25-26, 1863.

Union Position Tablet

 
 
Affair of the Crater; June 25-26, 1863. Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
1. Affair of the Crater; June 25-26, 1863. Marker
Inscription. A mine, at the head of Loganís approach to the third Louisiana 
redan, was begun on June 23, finished the forenoon of June 25 
and charged with 2200 pounds of powder. Leggett's (1st) brigade 
of Loganís (3D) division, 17th Corps, occupied the trenches, under 
orders to assault. The mine was fired about 3:30 p m. and, 
before the smoke had cleared away, the 45th Illinois, at the 
head of the column, occupied the crater made by the explosion 
and opened fire on the Confederates behind the parapet across 
the gorge of the redan. The 20th Illinois relieved the 45th 
and was relieved by the 31st Illinois, the 56th Illinois relieved 
the 31st and was relieved by the 23d Indiana, the 17th Iowa relieved 
the 23D Indiana and was relieved by the 31st Illinois at 2 a. M. Of 
the 26th. the 45th Illinois relieved the 31st at daylight, and was 
relieved by the 124th Illinois at 10 a.m.: that regiment held the 
position until 5 p m., when fighting ceased in the crater. Hand 
grenades were freely used on both sides. Shells with lighted 
fuses, used as grenades by the Confederates, were, in some instances, thrown back before they exploded. This tablet marks the part of the crater nearest the Confederate parapet across the gorge 
of the redan. Casualties:
Marker located atop the Third Louisiana Redan. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
2. Marker located atop the Third Louisiana Redan.
20th Illinois, killed 2, wounded 7, total 
9: 31st Illinois, killed 7, wounded 27, total 34, Lieut. Col. John D. Rees 
and Capt. Levi B. Casey mortally wounded: 45th Illinois 
wounded 2, total 70, Capt. Leander B. Fisk, acting Major, killed, 
Lieut. Col. Melancthon Smith mortally wounded: 124th Illinois, 
killed 6, wounded 49, total 55, Lieut. Julius A. Pratt killed: 
23D Indiana, killed 8, wounded 31, total 39, Capt. William M. 
Darrough mortally wounded; aggregate in First Brigade, Third 
division, from May 23 to July 4, inclusive, killed 31, wounded 
176, total 207, largely in crater, all officers named (except 
Capt. Darrough, wounded July 1) killed or mortally wounded in 
that affair. 56th Illinois, killed 4, wounded 13, total 17, Lieut. 
Andrew E. Walbright killed: 17th Iowa, killed 3, wounded 34, 
total 37; aggregate in Second brigade, Seventh division, killed 
7, wounded 47, total 54, all in crater.
 
Erected by National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 32° 21.525′ N, 90° 50.654′ W. Marker is in Vicksburg National Military Park, Mississippi, in Warren County. Marker can be reached from Old Jackson Road 0.2 miles west of Union Avenue. Touch for map
View past marker (on left) looking east. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
3. View past marker (on left) looking east.
. Located atop the Third Louisiana Redan. Marker is in this post office area: Vicksburg MS 39183, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. C.S. Alabama Battery; (here, next to this marker); Third Louisiana Redan, On Left of Jackson Road. (a few steps from this marker); U.S. Logan's Approach. (a few steps from this marker); Blasting Their Way (within shouting distance of this marker); C.S. Appeal (Arkansas) Battery; (within shouting distance of this marker); John E. Smith's Brigade; Assault, May 22, 1863. (within shouting distance of this marker); The Mine Explosion (within shouting distance of this marker); The End In Sight (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vicksburg National Military Park.
 
Regarding Affair of the Crater; June 25-26, 1863.. The 3rd Louisiana were aware of the Union tunneling efforts. They heard the miners and started digging their own counter shafts in an attempt to thwart them. By the time the Union exploded the mine the Confederates had pulled back to a second line of trenches they had built to counter the anticipated effects of the mine.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 7, 2017. This page originally submitted on November 7, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 37 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 7, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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