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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Lamesa in Dawson County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Lamesa Farm Workers Community

 
 
Lamesa Farm Workers Community Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 11, 2017
1. Lamesa Farm Workers Community Marker
Inscription. By the 1920s, Dawson County’s rapidly expanding cotton economy was outgrowing its labor supply. Like other areas of the country, Lamesa began to rely on migrant laborers from Mexico to increase the available pool of seasonal workers. One effort to federally regulate migrant labor was the creation of farm labor communities to ensure a dependable source of labor for farmers and to provide safe and sanitary living facilities for migrant workers and their families. The Lamesa Farm Workers Community, present day Los Ybanez, operated from 1942 until 1980.

In 1941, the Farm Security Administration approved an application for a migrant labor camp on 50 acres of land southeast of Lamesa. The first families moved in on August 17, 1942. The Lamesa Complex consisted of 50 residential buildings, a gate house, manager’s residence, and a community center. Unlike other labor communities, Lamesa provided its residents with indoor plumbing and running water. Additionally, Lamesa offered a medical clinic, educational programs, nursery, recreational activities, and religious services.

The families who lived at Lamesa harvested cotton, worked in cotton gins, cotton oil mills, feed mills, and egg processing plants. They did not pay rent for their homes but were expected to perform maintenance work around the camp and contribute to the
Lamesa Farm Workers Community Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 11, 2017
2. Lamesa Farm Workers Community Marker
camp welfare fund. The little time available for social activities included traditional Mexican entertainment and reflected their bicultural background. Residents played baseball, observed Mexican and U.S. Holidays, and enjoyed Conjunto music. In 1980, the Ybanez family bought the community to provide low-income housing for Hispanic families.
 
Erected 2010 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 16680.)
 
Location. 32° 43.046′ N, 101° 55.222′ W. Marker is near Lamesa, Texas, in Dawson County. Marker can be reached from County Highway M north of County Highway 20, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker cannot be seen from the road. Marker is located next to Ybanez's Liquor Wine & Beer store. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1919 County Road M, Lamesa TX 79331, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 3 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Dawson County (approx. 1.1 miles away); Pioneer Cemetery (approx. 1.8 miles away); Site of Chicago (approx. 3.3 miles away).
 
Categories. AgricultureHispanic AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
Lamesa Farm Workers Community Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, November 11, 2017
3. Lamesa Farm Workers Community Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 17, 2017. This page originally submitted on November 17, 2017, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 45 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 17, 2017, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona.
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