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Vicksburg National Military Park in Warren County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Siege Operations, May 23-July 4.

Campaign, Siege, and Defense of Vicksburg; 1863.

 
 
Siege Operations, May 23-July 4. Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
1. Siege Operations, May 23-July 4. Marker
Inscription. At the beginning of siege operations, May 23, about 162 guns 
were on the investment line, most of them in position in hastily 
constructed batteries. These were enlarged and strengthened 
and additional guns successively mounted in new batteries 
at advantageous positions. Embrasures of batteries close to 
Confederate line closed against rifle balls by plank 
shutters or with bags of packed cotton. The first parallel
 made almost continuous from the right on the river to the left 
of the 13th Army Corps and, as the approaches were carried 
forward, second and third parallels opened. Loop holes for 
sharpshooters made either with sand bags or in a timber on 
the parapet. 16 principal approaches begun and 11 carried close 
to the Confederate line. They were loop-holed for sharpshooters wherever opportunity for fire was afforded. 9 
galleries for mines started and 2 mines fired, both at the head 
of Loganís approach. At the end of the siege, July 4, about 220 
guns, including all from the navy. Were on the investment line. 
Largely in position: 89 batteries constructed but about 20 
abandoned and their guns moved to the exterior line or to 
advanced positions: aggregate length of Union trenches 12 miles. The Confederate line of defense, 8 miles long, mounted about 
130 guns in 67 batteries. Works and connecting curtains loop-
holed for sharpshooters. Damage done them by the Union batteries repaired at night. A number of guns disabled by the fire
 of the Union batteries and, in most cases, new guns could not
Siege Operations, May 23-July 4. marker next one down. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
2. Siege Operations, May 23-July 4. marker next one down.

be mounted in their places. Countermines against Union
 approaches and mines prepared at 9 places and 4 fired. Retrenchments made in rear of some works but not used as the 
line of defense was not anywhere broken. The defense largely 
confined to sharpshooting and maintained for 47 days without 
relief for the officers and men in the trenches. Part of the time
 without sufficient rations.

Reported casualties. May 23-July 4: Union, killed 94, wounded
 25, missing 119, total 638, 19 officers killed or mortally wounded.
 Confederate. Not separately reported. Reported casualties, May 
18-July 4: Union, killed 766, wounded 3793, missing 276, total 4835,
107 officers killed or mortally wounded. Confederate, river
 batteries not included, killed 873, wounded 2141, missing 158, total 
3172, 83 officers killed or mortally wounded.
 
Erected by National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 32° 22.623′ N, 90° 50.009′ W. Marker is in Vicksburg National Military Park, Mississippi, in Warren County. Marker is on Grant Circle west of Grant Avenue, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Grant Circle, Vicksburg MS 39183, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Assault on the Confederate Line of Defense, May 22. (a few steps from this marker); Massachusetts Tribute to the 29th, 35th and 36th Regiments Volunteer Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Assault on the Confederate Line of Defense, May 19.
General Summary of Casualties, March 29 - July 4. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2017
3. General Summary of Casualties, March 29 - July 4.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Grantís Headquarters (within shouting distance of this marker); U S Headquarters 16th Corps (Detachment) (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Champion's Hill, Mississippi, May 16. (within shouting distance of this marker); Engagement at Jackson, Mississippi, May 14. (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ulysses S. Grant (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vicksburg National Military Park.
 
Also see . . .  Wikipedia article on the Siege of Vicksburg. (Submitted on November 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 18, 2017. This page originally submitted on November 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 47 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 18, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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