The National Mall in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Modern Rose
Kathrine Dulin Folger Rose Garden
--Ralph Waldo Emerson
Fossil evidence found in Colorado in the U.S. suggests that plants in the rose family have existed for at least 35 million years.
Roses can be grouped into one of three categories: Species, Old Garden, and Modern roses.
Species roses, sometimes called "wild roses," evolved and adapted to survive in unique environments. Most are found in Asia, with fewer numbers in America, Europe, and Africa.
For centuries, plant collectors across the globe cultivated roses with variations in color, flower form, bloom time and bloom frequency. Their early breeding efforts created a group of roses called Old Garden roses. All rose classes known before 1867 fall into this category.
Modern roses are descendants of both Species and Old Garden roses. This term is reserved for classes of roses developed after 1867, the year the rose believed to be the first hybrid tea was introduced.
Today, rose breeders target characteristics stored in the genetic material of existing roses when developing new varieties. Disease resistance is one of the most sought-after attributes in modern rose breeding.
Leaves: Rosa hilliiae Lesquereux from the Oligocene period (23-35 million years ago)
Thorn (in plant morphology, the more accurate term is prickle): Rose penelopes Unger from the Miocene period (5-23 million years ago)
Erected 1998 by Smithsonian Gardens.
Location. 38° 53.326′ N, 77° 1.475′ W. Marker is in The National Mall, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker can be reached from Jefferson Drive Southwest 0.1 miles west of 7th Street SW, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20560, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Arts and Industries Building (was a few steps from this marker but has been reported missing. ); a different marker also named Arts and Industries Building (a few steps from this marker); A Common Language (within shouting distance of this marker); An Apple is a Rose (within shouting distance of this marker); Carousel on the Mall, Washington, D.C. (within shouting distance of this marker); Pluto (within shouting distance of this marker); Voyage (within shouting distance of this marker); Before the National Air and Space Museum opened... (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in The National Mall.
Categories. • Science & Medicine •
Credits. This page was last revised on December 11, 2017. This page originally submitted on November 28, 2017, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 44 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on November 28, 2017, by Devry Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.