“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

First Brigade

Third Division - Eleventh Corps


—Army of the Potomac —

First Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
1. First Brigade Tablet
Note the crescent moon, the symbol of the XI Corps on the top of the tablet.
Army of the Potomac
Eleventh Corps - Third Division
First Brigade

Brig. Gen. Alex. Schimmelfennig
82d Illinois, 45th. 157th. New York
61st. Ohio, 74th Pennsylvania Infantry

July 1 Arrived about 1 p.m. and advanced to connect with the right of First Corps on Oak Hill but was met by a heavy artillery and musketry fire and after being engaged between two and three hours and pressed closely upon the front and flanks by superior numbers the Brigade was compelled to retired with the Corps at 4 p.m. through the town to Cemetery Hill. The streets and alleys of the town became congested with the mass of infantry and artillery and many were captured. The Brigade formed and took position on Cemetery Hill between the First and Second Divisions of the Corps.

July 2 At 4 p.m. the Brigade was subjected to a heavy artillery fire converging on Cemetery Hill. At dark a sudden attack was made on the right and the Brigade was sent to the support of Brig. Gen. A. Ames and returned after midnight except the 74st Penna. Which remained under the command of Brig. Gen. A. Ames.

July 3 Skirmishing not engaged.

Casualties - Killed 8 officers 50 men - Wounded 20 officers 276 men - Captured or missing 28 officers 425 men - Total 807
Erected 1912 by Gettysburg
First Brigade Tablet image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
2. First Brigade Tablet
National Military Park Commission.
Location. 39° 50.446′ N, 77° 14.095′ W. Marker is in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Howard Avenue 0.1 miles east of Mummasburg Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Located in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 45th New York Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Third Division (within shouting distance of this marker); Gettysburg Battlefield Preservation Association (within shouting distance of this marker); 74th Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 61st Ohio Infantry (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); 157th Regiment New York Volunteers (about 500 feet away); Battery I, First Ohio Light Artillery (about 500 feet away); Artillery Brigade (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
Also see . . .  General Alexander Schimmelfennig. Schimmelfennig was among those who immigrated from Germany in the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1848. (Submitted on September 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Schimmelfennig's Brigade Deploys image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, June 28, 2008
3. Schimmelfennig's Brigade Deploys
Looking northwest from the tablet location. Oak Hill is among the highest points of ground at Gettysburg, dominating the day 1 battlefields. First Brigade, Third Division, XI Corps of the Federal Army of the Potomac fanned out between Mummasburg Road (running up the ridge line in the distance next to the observation tower) and Carlisle Road to the east. Three regiments, 45th New York, 61st Ohio, and 74th Pennsylvania, were deployed as skirmishers. The 157th New York and 82nd Illinois remained further back, on line.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 946 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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