Echo in Umatilla County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
The Lower Crossing
this days brot us the the (sic) Indian agency on the west bank of the Umatila River here we got some provisions flour at 60 per bacon 75 beef 25 shugar 75 coffee 75 per pound and hard to get at that this is a beautiful valley well calculated for farming. -- John Newton Lewis, October 3, 1852
Passed over a ridge of high land, then down the bottom to the crossing of the umatilla, the river has a large channel here but the water all sinks, and we passed on a bed of gravel and pebble stones, for which the stream is famous all along. On the west bank is United States Agency, a very neat looking frame house painted white, it looked cheering, as we had not seen a frame house since we left fort Laramie. -- John or David Dinwiddie, September 2, 1853
Destruction of the Whitman Mission in 1847 drastically altered the emigrant route. The wagon trains then began following the Umatilla River west, and forded the stream anywhere from 20 to 500 feet south of this point, depending upon the fluctuating course of the river.
This was an important campsite. These
This junction also offered an option: turn north to follow the Columbia and its rapids, or continue west over the dusty, windy and often scorching-hot trek across the Columbia Plateau. Most headed due west toward Well Spring.
Look up-river toward the groves of cottonwood and alders along the quiet river banks. The pastoral scene is little changed from what the emigrants saw along the Umatilla River from 1843 to 1859.
Erected by City of Echo.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Oregon Trail marker series.
Location. 45° 44.5′ N, 119° 11.898′ W. Marker is in Echo, Oregon, in Umatilla County. Marker can be reached from West Main Street near Water Street, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 10 West Main Street, Echo OR 97826, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Blockhouse (a few steps from this marker); Umatilla County Jail (within shouting distance of this marker); Covered Wagon Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Jack Dempsey (within shouting distance of this marker); Charlie Berry Stadium (approx. 0.4 miles away); David R. Koontz (approx. 0.6 miles away); Stansfield Rest Area Oregon Trial Kiosk (approx. 3.3 miles away).
More about this marker. This marker is located in Fort Henrietta Park.
Categories. • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on December 26, 2017. This page originally submitted on December 26, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 56 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 26, 2017, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.